Quick Facts:

Class: Commencement Bay
Displacement: 24,275 tons
Length: 557’1″
Beam: 75’0″
Draft: 32’0″
Speed: 19.1 knots
Complement: 1066
Armament: 2 5-inch, 36 40mm , 20 20mm
Aircraft: 30

Original text by Jack Greer. Updated Fall 2009.

CVE 106 USS Block Island was a Commencement Bay class escort carrier of the United States Navy. She was the second ship to carry her name, done in honor of the first one, CVE 21 which served in the Atlantic and was sunk by a German submarine on 29 May 29 1944. On 10 June 1944 a new carrier was launched as Sunset Bay by Todd-Pacific Shipyards of Tacoma, WA, it was sponsored by Mrs. E. J. Hallenbeck (mother of Major Pappy Boyington). This carrier was renamed and commissioned as CVE 106 USS Block Island on 30 Dec 1944 with Captain Francis M. Hughes in command. Most of the original CVE 21 crew was assigned to CVE 106 which was unique in US Navy history.

The USS Block Island arrived off the shore of Okinawa on 3 May 1945 to support invasion operations. on 16 June 1945 she steamed to Leyte where she participated in operations. She also took part in the Balikpapan operations. Following the cessation of fighting with Japan she was directed to Taiwan to provide evacuation of Allied prisoners. She was placed in service in reserve on 28 May 1946.

On 29 May 1946, Block Island was moved to Annapolis to serve as a Naval Academy training ship for midshipmen.The vessel was recommissioned on 28 April 1951. She remained active during the Korean War and was placed in reserve 27 August 1954. CVE 106 was eventually sold for scrap and stricken from Navy records.


Following the sinking of CVE 21 Captain Hughes had asked the U.S. Navy to keep the crew together and assign them a new ship, his persistence paid off when the Navy ordered that the carrier Sunset Bay, which was under construction in the same shipyard as CVE 21, be renamed USS Block Island on 5 Jul 1944.

After completing about 30 days survivors’ leave, the crewmen traveled cross-country by rail to the Tacoma, WA area. A selected number of of personnel were housed at the Navy Receiving Barracks in Tacoma just off the docks of the shipyard where CVE 106 was being built. With over 800 crew members the logistics were a problem. Where were they to be housed and and what were they going to be doing while the ship is being completed? All of these crew members had served on an active carrier and were well trained on carrier maintenance and ships repairs and also knew the ins and outs of a ship’s structure. The Navy decided to have some of the crew members work right along with the ship yard workers while the ship was being built. Instead of getting up in the morning with nothing to do many of the men reported directly to the ship just after breakfast. The picture at left is of the “Keel” which was the employee and information newspaper of the shipyard where both ships were built. The December issue carried the story of the sinking of CVE-21 and the flag shown was placed at half mast in recognition of those who lost their lives when CVE-21 was sunk.The photo above right shows a brand new CVE 106 riding high in the water.

Jack Greer, the USS Block Island Association’s first webmaster was one of those 800 crew members in Tacoma and remembers his days at the shipyard:

CVE 106 was commissioned as Block Island on 30 December 1944 with Captain Francis Massie Hughes in command. Of the 63 officers and 857 men who made up the initial crew of the Block Island, 52 officers and 660 men were veterans of service on CVE 21. This new carrier was larger than her predecessor by about 9,000 tons. Her flight deck was 60 feet longer but 5 feet narrower than CVE 21. She could carry 34 planes and a crew of 1,066.

The Tacoma Times, Thursday, December 28, 1944

To Commission Block Island

Probably the most dramatic moment in the history of shipbuilding in the Northwest will be when Old Glory is run up on the flag-staff of the USS Block Island here Saturday afternoon, at 3 o’clock.

For it will be the second time that a fighting vessel of the same name has been commissioned during the present war-at the same shipyard-built by most of the same men and women who saw their labor go into completion of the original escort carrier bearing the now-famous name. Workers at the local yard of Todd Pacific Shipbuilders, Inc., have a special place in their hearts for the words,. Block Island.

But more unique in the annals of naval tradition: The crew of the first Block Island, which was sunk in the Atlantic last may, will formally take over its name-sake at the simple but impressive commissioning ceremony. It is the first time in this war, probably in the U.S. Navy history, that a crew will have been, transferred intact from one vessel to another under such circumstances. A large percentage of the crew is made up of men from Tacoma and the Northwest.

Approximately 1,000 high ranking naval officers, city officials, guests and the ship’s crew, will assemble on the ship’s hangar deck to witness the simple ceremonies, shorn of trimmings to fit the tempo of war, and presided over by Capt. J. L. McGuigan, USN, superintendent of shipbuilding in the Tacoma area.

He will call upon Capt. F. M. Hughes, USN, who was in command of the old Block Island, to accept command of the new ship. Capt. McGuigan will also introduce O. A. Tucker, Todd vice president and general manager, who will speak briefly.

A feature of the ceremonies, to follow piping aloft of the colors and posting of the ship’s first watch, will be a presentation by Todd workers, to the crew, of a bronze plaque bearing a replica of the old Block Island, and a fund for the ship’s welfare section.

The workers will be represented by Mrs. Jewell Greening, a fellow employee, who will make the presentation in honor of her son, Lt. Col. Charles Ross Greening, now a prisoner of war in Germany. Lt. Col. Greening, a Tacoman, was One of Doolittle’s raiders who participated in the first bombing of Tokyo when they took off from the USS Hornet on April 18, 1942.

Another feature of the ceremony will be awarding of medals and citations to 23 members of the Block Island crew by Rear Adm. J. J. Ballentyne, Commander Fleet Air, Seattle. Crew members hold the presidential unit citation for their previous record with the old Block Island.

The escort carrier Block Island, which will be commissioned Saturday, is larger and more powerful in all respects than its predecessor.

The commissioning Saturday will be the second addition of a ship of this new type to Uncle Sam’s navy in just a bit over a month. Its sister ship, the USS Commencement Bay, also built in Tacoma’s Todd yards, was commissioned Nov. 27.

The Block Island and the Commencement Bay are the two largest ships of their class ever built in the northwest, and the two largest allweld ships in the world.

Operational Training

Departing Tacoma 10 Jan 1945 CVE 106 ran brief exercises, loaded ammunition and supplies from the Puget Sound Navy Yard and additional supplies at Seattle until 20 Jan 1945. She headed for San Francisco arriving 22 Jan 1945. She took on a number of damaged aircraft and departed for San Diego arriving 24 Jan 1945.

The crew of CVE 106 was preparing for an entirely different kind of war than they had fought in the Battle of the Atlantic. The war in the Pacific with Japan depended on naval superiority. Island hopping from Australia to Japan with sea battle after sea battle was much different than the war with Germany. Task Forces in the Pacific were large and involved hundreds of ships including battleships, cruisers, large aircraft carriers, full size destroyers, troopships, tenders and supply ships. Unlike the Atlantic Ocean the US submarines controlled the Pacific Ocean rather than the enemy. CVE 106 and the crew had to defend against enemy surface vessels, enemy aircraft and other actions. The aircrews and pilots had to defend and attack enemy aircraft, ships, land based guns, and at the same time provide protection to the allied troops undertaking the task of retaking the islands from the Japanese.

There were six major Escort Carrier Forces in the Pacific when the CVE 106 Block Island went into service. Six admirals commanded least 38 carriers, 50 escort ships, tankers, supply ships, and 90 aircraft squadrons with more than 700 planes. CVE 106 Block Island was the flagship of Carrier Division 27 which included seven carriers. This was dramatically different than the one carrier plus four escorts that made up Atlantic task forces. The esprit de corps that had existed with the small task forces in the Atlantic was not possible in the large groups of the Pacific. The comradeship among CVE 106 Navy crewmen remained strong as they had developed a bond in combat, during the sinking, and as a group of survivors. That bond is still there today and is always apparent at their annual reunions.

For the Block Island one of the biggest changes was the transfer of over 90% of the Navy “air department” personnel. They were replaced by Marine Air Groups. That caused more than 400 Navy personnel that had served on the CVE 21 Block Island to be spread all over the world.

On 3 Feb 1945 an initial contingent of 226 officers and men of Marine Carrier Air Group One reported aboard CVE 106. Planes and support personnel from Marine Fighting Squadron 511 followed. On 4 Feb 1945 CVE 106 proceeded to an area off of San Diego to conduct flight operations. The honor of the first takeoff went to the group commander, Lt. Colonel John F. Dobbin. Augmenting VMF-511 was VMTB-233 equipped with TBM-3 Avengers. The photo at left shows the distinctive white block with I insignia that was added after leaving Pearl Harbor and then later removed to prevent Japanese identification.
Four different types of missions of aircraft operated from the decks of the FBI (“Fighting Block Island”) and made its nights as busy as its days. CVE pilots flew as many as four long support missions every day, which Rear Admiral Durgin had said, “Meant nine hours in the air of constant flying and fighting. That’s too much.” The Block Island had twelve Corsairs (F4U-1D and FG-1) which fought brilliantly by day. Ten Hellcats (F6F-5N) continued the battle into the night. Twelve Avengers (TBM-3) launched torpedoes and bombs at strategic points. The painting at right shows the Corsair with the distinctive Block Island Marine Squadron insignia painted on the tail.

On 10 Feb 1945 Block Island departed with DD 779 Douglas H. Fox for 10 days operational training off San Clemente and San Nicolas islands. On 14 Feb 1945 the planes from CVE 106 were to conduct strikes with live ammunition against a bombing area on San Clemente. Dobbin led the morning flight but found the weather unsatisfactory and returned to the ship. One plane crashed due to engine failure but the pilot was rescued. That afternoon six Avengers, three Corsairs, and two Hellcats were launched to continue training. A severe storm approached rapidly so Block Island recalled all aircraft. One Avenger successfully landed but the others were unable to land so they were vectored to San Nicolas about 120 miles away. The weather prevented landing and as a result eight aircrew and seven planes were lost.

Combat Operations

Most of the next several weeks were devoted to training first in the San Diego area and later in the Pearl Harbor, HI area. On 17 Apr 1945 CVE 106 sailed for Ulithi in the Carolinas with DD 748 Harry E. Hubbard. While anchored in Ulithi Captain Hughes reported that his ship was ready for duty. She now headed for Okinawa to provide close air support. CVE 106 was escorted by DE 183 Samuel S. Miles and DD 388 Helm. The photo at right shows a silhouette of CVE 106 with Corsairs, Hellcats, and Avengers on her flight deck 30 Apr 1945. On 10 May 1945 Block Island launched her first offensive mission vectoring her TBM-3s to drop bombs and fire rockets at Japanese positions near the town of Naha. That afternoon eight TBMs and eight Corsairs launched from the flight deck led by Colonel Dobbin toward the airfields at Hirara and Nobara in the Sakashima Gunto. The attack was successful, however, one TBM was hit by enemy fire and crashed losing all crew; a second plane took a hit but managed to return and ditched near the Block Island and the crew was rescued. This first day of combat operations was completely different than what the crew had experienced in the Atlantic.
Over the next ten days CVE 106 participated in similar operations off of Okinawa. On 22 May 1945 she headed for Kerama Retto for replenishment. Back on line her planes bombed Shuri Castle, the Japanese strong point in southern Okinawa, helping to destroy that fortress. On 27 May 1945 VMF-233 lost its commanding officer, R.C. Maze. He was leading a fighter sweep and dove for a rocket attack on boatyards but his plane never recovered from the dive and he crashed into the water. He was replaced by the XO of the squadron, James Secrest.
On 29 May 1945, the one year anniversary of the sinking of CVE 21, Block Island launched 28 attack sorties on airfields at Ishigaki and Miyako using bombs that had been specially autographed by the CVE 106 crew (see photo at right). One TBM and crew was lost in the operation. CVE 106 lost another plane and pilot, an F6F-5N, in a strafing run on 16 Jun 1945, it would be the last plane CVE 106 lost. Five days later Okinawa was declared secured, 82 days after the invasion had begun. That same day Block Island now the flagship for Carrier Division 27 under the command of Rear Admiral Dixwell Ketcham, sailed for the Phillipines. Between 4 May and 6 Jun CVE 106 flew 1,202 sorties. The Block Island crew had gained great skill when on 20 May she received urgent orders; fourteen minutes later the first plane was in the air as a total of eight planes were launched in just 4 minutes.
After a week in the Philippines, Block Island weighed anchor and set course for Borneo. She was accompanied by CVE 107 Gilbert Islands, CVE 27 Suwannee, and six destroyers. On 30 Jun 1945 amphibious landings commenced at dawn. Over the next three days aircraft from the Block Island flew 98 sorties providing bombing, strafing, and air cover to support the invasion. No aircraft or crew were lost in the CVE 106 operation. On 3 Jul 1945 an inbound Japanese plane was shot down by an F6F-5N.

Block Island sailed to Guam where Captain Wallace Beakley relieved Captain Hughes. CVE 106 was anchored in Apra Harbor when the atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. After completing some repairs CVE 106 with CVE 29 Santee and four destroyers sailed for Leyte Gulf on 13 Aug 1945. The next day formal word was received of the Japanese surrender. Admiral Ketcham ordered three volleys of 40mm fire and a 21 gun salute from the 5 inch batteries. The ship’s chaplain, Gordon MacInnes, offered prayers and a minute of silence.

For the members of the crew, most of which had served their country fighting the Germans in the Atlantic and the Japanese in the Pacific, Admiral Ketcham congratulated them “On a job well done”.

POW Rescue

CVE 106 Block Island, CVE 29 Santee and four destroyers were dispatched to Korea to assist in mine clearing operations. Severe storms including a tropical typhoon slowed their mission as they circled southeast of Formosa (now Taiwan ). Allied Command had been made aware of several large POW camps on Formosa. The sail to Korea was scrubbed and the task force was ordered to northern Formosa.

On the evening of 4 Sep 1945 Admiral Ketcham drafted a proclamation to the Japanese commander informing him of the impending evacuation of all Allied and civilian prisoners. A flight of Corsairs dropped copies on the proclamation on the harbor and airfield. While negotiations were in progress Admiral Ketcham decided to risk sending a plane in to speed the POW release. Captain Dick Johnson, flying a TBM set down on the airstrip and became the first Allied plane to land on Formosa. His passenger, Major Peter Folger, told the airfield commander to take him to the POW camps at once. The photo at right shows Major Folger and Captain Johnson on the ground after landing on Formosa.

Before long a a stream of planes filled with medicine and food from the carriers began landing. About 9,000 pounds of provisions were flown ashore. The POW camps housed over 1,200 men from several nations, many of them veterans of Singapore and Bataan, who were malnourished and mistreated. Some historians believe the Formosa camps were among the most brutal of the Japanese. On 5 Sep 1945 the American marines commandeered trains and transported the first group of survivors to the dock where the destroyer escorts DE 326 Thomas J. Gary and DE 329 Kretchmer took them from dockside to the carriers. The next day, 6 Sep, Gary and Kretchmer once again entered the harbor along with two more destroyer escorts DE 327 Brister and DE-328 Finch to evacuate most of the remaining ambulatory POWs. Each of the destroyer escorts transported about 50 POWs to Manila.

The hanger decks became hospitals as hundreds of cots were set up for the survivors. Hot showers, clean clothes, and good food helped transition the former POWs back from a living hell. USS Block Island received 474 survivors and CVE 29 USS Santee took about the same number. After all the POWs were aboard, the task group sailed for Manila in the Philippines to hand off the survivors to hospitals, the second step in the journey home.

There were 97 POWs who were just too sick and weak to be moved by the DE’s, so they were left in the care of the POW camp doctors. On September 6th, the British Royal Navy entered Keelung Harbor as the US DE’s were pulling out and after making contact with the POWs had them moved to the New Zealand hospital ship HMNZHS Maunganui for the journey to Manila. Thus all the POWs were evacuated safely, but sadly several more died on board the ships on their way to freedom.

The formal “job well done” is below and on the left. Below and on the right is the actual text for radio transmission. Anyone can recognize and quickly understand the text of this communique, however, it will take a Radioman to recognize that the form that is used is an original document as it was used by the Navy in WWII.

“For evacuating prisoners of war from Formosa you were nothing short of sensational. To every officer and man in your ships is due resounding applause for shoving your noses into Kiirun before the occupation without thought of self in a most worthy cause. The handling of passengers and their care, like everything else in the operation, was done in the American way, and there is not better.

“I pass to you the message of the Commander of the Seventh Fleet: “Prompt and determined action in the Formosa evacuation under difficult circumstances was a magnificent performance and a God-send to our prisoners. Well done.

Signed Kincaid!’ (Admiral Thomas Kincaid).

The Block Island completed operations including providing cover for the landing of the Chinese 70th army. The photo at left shows American personnel relaxing with Chinese officers on Formosa. The Block Island headed back to the United States mainland via Guam and Hawaii. She arrived San Diego, CA on 11 Dec 1945 and proceed to the east coast arriving Norfolk, VA on 20 Jan 1946.

CVE 106 USS Block Island was given the Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal, the Philippine Independence Medal, the Asiatic Pacific Victory Medal and the Navy/USMC Commendation Medal. CVE 106 also received two Naval Admiral Recognition awards, one for the Battle of Boreno and the other for the POW rescue off Formosa. The Philippine Liberation Medal was awarded to all ships and personnel who served in the area from 1944-1945.

Unfortunately a number of courageous Marines did not return home at the end of WWII. By clicking this link you can visit our In Memoriam page.

After several voyages CVE 106 USS Block Island was placed in reserve on 28 May 1946, the day before the second anniversary of the sinking of CVE 21. She was towed to Annapolis where she became a training ship for the midshipmen of the US Naval Academy (see photo at right).

Captain Beakley turned over command of the CVE 106 to Commander Frank Slater who was the officer-in-charge of the carrier at the US Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD.

Korean War Era Operations

On 3 Oct 1950 CVE 106 USS Block Island was transferred to the Atlantic Reserve Fleet. She was towed from Annapolis, MD to Norfolk, VA for dry-docking. CVE 106 was then towed to Philadelphia, PA arriving 25 Oct 1950 for pre-commissioning work. The Block Island was recommissioned on 28 April 1951 with Captain Arthur S. Hill in command. CVE 106 conducted training operations off of Cuba on 5 Jan 1952. She sailed for Norfolk and then on to the Caribbean stopping in a number of ports before returning to Norfolk on 27 Apr 1952.

The high quality photo at left shows the CVE 106 with a number of the VS-22 squadron’s AF-2 Grumman Guardians on her flight deck.

CVE 106 proceeded to Brooklyn Naval Shipyard arriving 25 Feb 1953. Following a month at the yard she returned to the Caribbean area for flight operations. The photo at right clearly shows the CVE 106 involved in a air/sea rescue and recovery operation following an aircraft accident. The plane with only the tail visible is a Grumman AF-2 Guardian which was developed for anti-submarine operations. Only a few were built and service was short lived due to poor performance. In April CVE 106 sailed for the United Kingdom and France. She then operated briefly in the Mediterranean before returning to Norfolk on 25 Jun 1953. Later that fall she completed another Caribbean cruise.

She was placed in reserve 15 Jan 1954 at the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard. The second Block Island never returned to active duty. However, she was scheduled to be converted to an amphibious assault ship but those plans were cancelled in Jun 1958. She was stricken from Navy records on 1 Jul 1959 and sold for scrap to a Japanese company.


CDR Roy L. Swift with Robert J Cressman(1986, Winter). The Tale of Two Block Islands., The Hook, 22-39

Dictionary of American Fighting Ships, www.history.navy.mil/danfs/index.html

Naval Historical Foundation Photographic Service. Washington Navy Yard, Washington, DC.

Y’Blood, William(1983). Hunter-Killer: U.S. Escort Carriers in the Battle of the Atlantic. USA:Naval Institute Press.

James L. Noles, Jr. (July 1, 2004). All Guts, No Glory., Air & Space Magazine

USS Block Island Association. CHIPS newsletters, vol. 1-23

The CVE 106 also had it’s share of firsts:

  1. CVE 106 was the first U.S. Naval Aircraft Carrier to have an all Marine Air Group.

  2. During the entire “Battle of the Pacific” it was very evident that there was a great “split” of the Military Services with regards to air support for the many island landings. While the Navy had the carriers with their own planes, pilots and maintenance and support personnel, and could move freely throughout the oceans to where ever the were needed, except for the Navy Sea Bees, there was no Navy landing forces.

  3. The Army and the Marine Corps needed “landing fields” first and foremost in order to provide air coverage for their individual landing forces. At that time the Army Air Force was a part of the US Army and in the European War as such provided their only air coverage and support. The Pacific War presented problems that did not exist with the Atlantic operations. With both the Army and the Marine Corps being involved in the landings on the Pacific Islands they both wanted their landing personnel protected by their own planes and pilots.

  4. Without landing fields this presented many problems as the entire concept of “battle tactics, training and even military philosophies” were many miles apart. With the Marines normally making the earlier island landings that service (along with many members of Congress) fought for aircraft carriers, fully manned by the Navy but with complete Marine Air Groups flying from the decks of the carriers. The Block Island CVE 106 was to become a part of Naval History so the decision was made to let the Marine Corps be a part of that history to be the first Aircraft Carrier to be assigned a complete Marine Air Group.

  5. Not only did the Atlantic and Pacific operations present “two Worlds” for the Block Island Crews, both the Army and the Marine Corps became a part of these same “two worlds”.

  1. CVE 106 was the first U.S. Naval ship to sail through the Straits of Makassar (between  Borneo and Celebes) (See following note) Vice Admiral Barbey, Acting Commander Seventh Fleet, delayed the Balikpapan campaign until CVE 106 became available from its task force duties. CVE 106 was the first CVE with an experienced and skilled Marine “night fighter” air group who were well experienced in Ground Troop Support.. This campaign required 24 hour per day air coverage and with the F6F 5N (radar equipped) aircraft this was possible.

  2. Note: When the Captain went on the microphone to tell the crew that CVE 106 was about to take on the above “first” he made the comment “our ship is about to take this historical action” someone on the flight deck yelled “then lets go home and tell everyone about it”!

  3. CVE 106 was the first aircraft carrier to be used in the training of naval recruits. Some 7,500 “boots” had their first experience aboard a naval vessel in this ship.

  4. CVE-106 was the first aircraft carrier and combatant ship of a world war to be anchored and used as a training ship at the United States Naval Academy.

  5. CVE-106 was the first aircraft carrier to be converted from use of regular aircraft to full helicopter service during the Korean campaign.

  6. LPH-1 ( as Taken from Naval Records) USS Block Island (formerly CVE 106) was the first ship designated as a helicopter-assault ship, or LPH. Conversion work began in January 1958, but was cancelled six months later and such funds were designated to construct the first of a total new class of US Navy Carriers.

CVE 106 Command


Rear Admiral Dixwell Ketcham was given command of Aircraft Carrier Division 27. He chose CVE 106 USS Block Island to be the flagship of his carrier division. He served on CVE 106 until the end of World War II.
Dixwell Ketcham was born in Buena Park, IL, on 2 Dec 1899. He graduated U.S. Naval Academy in 1919. He was commissioned Ensign, U.S. Navy, 1919, and advanced through the grades to Rear Admiral in 1945. He was in naval aviation since 1922. He commanded USS Chenango, an escort carrier during 1943-44, participating in attack on Gilbert Islands (1943) and Marshalls Campaign (1944). He became Commander, Fleet Air Wing 1, 1944 – 1945 and Commander, Carrier Division 27 in 1945.

Aircraft Carrier Division 27, of which the USS Block Island was the Flag Ship was originally made up of seven CVE Carriers with escort ships being changed almost on a weekly basis . Besides the Flag Ship USS Block Island, the task force was comprised of CVE 107 USS Gilbert Island, CVE 108 Kula Gulf, CVE 109 Cape Glouchester, CVE 111 Vella Gulf, CVE 112 Siboney and CVE 91 Makassar Strait. The Makassar Strait was a different class carrier and later was assigned to other duties to avoid operational conflicts. Also joining with CVE 106 in the rescue of the POWs on Formosa was the CVE 29 Santee and two additional destroyer escorts: the USS J. T. Gary and the USS Kretchmer.


Captain Francis Massie Hughes fought hard to have the Navy keep the surviving crew members of CVE 21 intact to become the crew members of CVE 106. His efforts were successful and he was given command of CVE 106 when it was commissioned for service in the new world of the Pacific. Capt. Hughes served as Captain of CVE 106 until August 1, 1945.

Captain Hughes was a member of the Naval Academy class of 1923 where he earned a letter as the quarterback for the football team. He first served on the USS Texas and the USS Chicago. He earned his wings at Pensacola in 1931. During the attack on Pearl Harbor he managed to get his PBY in the air while still wearing his pajamas which he was unable to change for the next 48 hours. He was in command of the Sand Island Seaplane Base(VP-23) during the Battle of Midway, 3-7 June 1942. It was a PBY-5A Catalina from VP-23 that discovered the Japanese fleet leading to a great naval victory for the United States. Captain Francis Massie Hughes became the Captain of CVE 21 on March 10, 1944 and was in command of the CVE 21 task force when the USS Block Island was sunk by German submarines on May 29, 1944. He attained the rank of Rear Admiral and is believed to have passed away in 1960.


A Naval Academy graduate, Captain Beakley took command of CVE 106 on 6 August 1945 until its return to the states in December of 1945. He was in command of the CVE 106 for the rescue of allied POWs from the Japanese prison camps on Taiwan. Marine Col. A. D. Cooley, from the Admirals Command, led the POW recovery operations on the island of Formosa (now Taiwan).
Captain Beakley held the Gray Eagle Award from 1 Apr 1963 to 31 Dec 1963, which is presented to the Naval Aviator on continuous active duty who has held that designation for the longest period of time. To date, only 59 aviators have held the award. He was number 13.

He served as captain of the CVB 41USS Midway, which is now a museum docked in San Diego, from 1949-1950. He is listed as Vice Admiral and Deputy of Naval Operations in 1959.


He was born 17 Jun 1906 in Green Bay, WI. Flatley was an aerial-gunnery expert and World War II ace in the Pacific. As Executive Officer (XO) of Fighter Squadron VF-42, he was one of the key participants in the Battle of the Coral Sea in May 1942—the first carrier-vs.-carrier duel. Flatley was awarded the Navy Cross for “extraordinary heroism and conspicuous courage” during the Battle of the Coral Sea.
Following his tour as Commander Air Group Five (CAG-5) on board CV 10 USS Yorktown, during which he helped introduce Grumman’s F6F Hellcat to combat in August 1943, Flatley at the age of 36 never flew combat again.

He received a Navy Cross for the Battle of the Coral Sea; two Distinguished Flying Crosses for heroism; a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Distinguished Flying Cross; Bronze Star for action with enemy Japanese forces in the Philippine Islands and the Distinguished Service Medal.

Flatley remained in the Navy after the war and became a key figure with the Navy’s postwar air-training program. After commanding the carrier CVE 106 USS Block Island for a year, Flatley became deeply involved with assessing Naval Aviation’s disastrous safety record and ultimately helped develop the Naval Aviation Safety Center. He was commander of the Naval Air Station Olathe, Kansas (which was renamed “Flatley Field” from 1962-1969); and commander of the Naval Station Norfolk, Virginia followed by the carrier CV 39 USS Lake Champlain . He rose to rank of Vice Admiral. He passed away 9 Jul 1958 at age 52. The FFG 21 USS Flatley , Admiral Flatley Park in Green Bay, WI, and the Admiral Flatley Memorial Award for aviation safety are all named after him.


Lt. Colonel John F. Dobbins, USMC, holder of a Navy Cross for the destruction of eight Japanese planes in the Guadalcanal Campaign commanded the Marines. Two powerful squadrons fought the Japanese, Marine Fighting Squadron 511 (VMF-511) and Marine Torpedo Bombing Squadron 233 (VMTB-233). The pilots were experienced men who had splendid records in Marine Aviation in earlier campaigns. The unusual combination of Navy and Marine aviation units required many adjustments but worked out well under the splendid leadership of cooperating officers. John Dobbins retired as a brigadier general after flying 125 combat missions and earning the Navy Cross, the Distinguished Flying Cross and three Air Medals. He passed away in Winter Park, FL in 1995 at the age of 83.

For full rosters please visit the Rosters Page.

CVE 106 Crew Roster Korea

(courtesy of Ben Chase)
————— A ——————
Abraham, C.,VS22
Ackerman, Fred N., SN
Acosta, R. L., GM3
Adamczyk, Leonard J., Jr., SN
Adamczyk, A. (n), SK3
Adamczyk, Richard, SK3
Adams, J. C., AF1
Adams, Warren O., AO1
Adock, Charles G., SA
Ahlquist, Stanley W., SN
Aitken, Joseph “W”, EM3
Albright, William E, ., SA
Alcott, R. W., EM3
Aldridge, R. C, ., CS3
Alane, Raymond P., SA
Alane, Raymond P., SA
Alcott, Reginald A., EMF3
Alexander, Edward H., MML3
Alexander, Robert W., EM3
Allen, Cleatus A., AN
Allen, Frank E., QMS1
Allen, Louis C., VS 30, AL2
Almena, Joseph F., YN3
Alston, S. V., SN
Amato, Anthony A., AGAN
Amborski, Donald J., SN
Ambrose, Harold V., MM2
Ambrosino, William A., SKSN
Ames, Edward L. , BTC
Anderson, D. D., GM3
Anderson, Donald D., SA
Anderson, Elmar A., AN
Anderson, FloydR., AK1
Anderson, Fonsol, GM3
Anderson, Richard E., SKSN
Anderson, Richard H., FN
Anderson, Robert A., VS30, AN
Andrade, Floran (n), SN
Andrews, Jere L., VS30, ATAN
Apgar, Gillard W., Jr., AOC
Apicella, John P., EMP2
Apple, Marvin F., VS30, AO2
Archibald, Charles B., Jr., AN
Armelo, Anthony L., SN
Armer, Bruce F., FA
Armstrong, John T., MEG1
Armstrong, Theodore E., ET3
Arnwine, Robert E., DCW3
Arrington, Paul B., AOAN
Arthurs, James W., HN
Ashley, Clarence U., AFC
Atkins, Marlin H., CSSN
Atwell, Allen L., EN3
Augspurger, Mark W., VS30, ATAN
Austen, George J., TESN
Austin, Earl F., RMSN
Austin, William M., BMG3
Avery, James E., SN
Auzenne, Harry (N), TN
Axdahl, Donald R., AN
Ayeres, Joseph Elbert, SN
Ayers, J. E. ,SA
Ayers, Tom B., SK3
————— B ——————
Bales, Glen. R., SA
Balick, N. (n), SN
Balick, Norman, AB3
Ballard, John F., VS30, AL2
Banister, Orval D., AN
Bankes, Gerald W., AK3
Barber, Herman W., EMC
Barbiaux, Robert C., AD3
Barbour, Robert D., SN
Barco, Wilton O., ADAN
Barcus, George R., AFAN
Bardol, K. W., SN
Barna, Andrew (n), SN
Barnes, Bobby J., SN
Barnes, Guy S., Jr., EM3
Barnes, J. E., Jr., AM3
Barnes, Joseph (n), SD2
Barnes, R. C., SN
Barrett, James A., GMSN
Barrington, Ellis J., CS3
Bartak, John J., SN
Barry, M. J. ,AA
Barth, Norman C., SKG3
Barton, Louis G., SA
Barton, Ray E., AN
Baskin, Ronald M., AOAN
Batchelder, Kenneth T., VS30 ATAN
Bates, Hollis,RD1c
Batterson, Robert A., QMSN,
Batten, Robert G., FN
Baumel, Irwin D., ET2
Baur, Lawrance, VS30 , AN
Beardslee, F. C., AN
Beatty, Samuel E., FN
Beaudry, E. W., SA
Bechtel, Robert Q., SN
Beck, William L>, ET1 (T)
Beedle, W. E., AN
Behrens, Roger L., AD3
Beinor, Albert F., SKG3
Belcher, Roy B., FP2
Beliveau, Alfred W., FA
Bell, C. E. ,ADC
Bell, Jack, VS30, AD3
Beller, Allen C., FN
Bennett, D. R., AK3
Bennett, Leonard “T” “J”, AN
Baccus, J. S., MM3
Barcus, George R., AFAN
Baier, Thomas A., DCFN
Bailey, C. M., SD2
Bailey, Raymond P., SN
Bailey, Thomas L., SN
Baillargeon, John (N), BTG2
Baker, Joseph C., SA
Baker, Howard W., SA
Baker, William D., VS30, AOAN
Baker, William J., AFAN
Bentley, Clarence E., MML3
Bentley, “R” “E”, ME3
Benvie, Donald R., AA
Benway, C. D., Jr., SN
Berger, Melvin K., SA
Bergstrom, Carl E., VS30, AN
Berman, Martin L., AN
Berryhill, Frankie L., TA
Bestpitch, E. A., SA
Betz, James L., SA
Bewley, Alvin O., SA
Biancardi, Ralph P., Jr, SKSN
Bichsel, R. R. J.,RMSN
Bigger, Marion P., AA
Bilz, J. G.,SN
Binion, Albert, TESN
Birnbaum, Felix B., BTG1
Birtel, J. J. ,SN
Biscardi, A. A., ADEAN
Bishop, A. C., RDSA
Biscj, Kack E., AD3
Bissett, David M., ABAN
Black, David L., SA
Black, K. R.,AT2
Blackman, Dwight C., HN
Blair, D. “J” Sr., SN
Blake, H. C.,SA
Bland, Rudolph V., SHSA
Blankenship, G. P., CSSN
Blanton, Howard O., AD3
Blesch, George H., SN
Blythe, J. S.,ICC
Bobcock, E. E., ADEC
Bogdan, Robert C., SN
Bogert, William E., AB
Bognanni, Michael F., SA
Boissy, John R., VS30, PNSN
Bolin, W. (n),CSC
Bolstad, Gordon H., SN
Bolton, L. (n), SN
Bombarger, W. H., SA
Bonthron, Edward, VS30, AD1
Boone, D L. ,SN
Boone, Danny L., GMSN
Boone, Lucien R., CSC
Border, Robert O., FN
Borsella, Albert T., FA
Bosquet, Alfred T., SA
Bosquet, P. J., SA
Bostwick, Charles A., AA
Bottomley, James E., AB
Boucher, P. J., SA
Bouthot, Richard N., MM3
Bowe, Cyril H., AB1
Bowe, Ovril H., AB
Bowers, M. B., AO1
Bowyer, N. L., BTFN
Bowe, John Ardon, SA
Bowers, Milton B., AO1
Bowles, Charles L., Jr., SN
Bowling, Clyde W., SN
Bowyer, Norman L., BTFN
Boyd, Carl W., FC
Boyd, I. W. ,BT3
Boyher, Donnie R., SN
Boyle, Joseph A., Jr., AB
Bradshaw, C. S., AK2
Brady, F. B.,SA
Bradley, Ray W., VS30, CSSN
Bragg, Robert (N), AN
Brancaleoni, Joseph R., ME3
Brandiff, Hugh E., BT
Brandon, Ralph D., BT3
Brannen, John W., RD
Braun, Charles (n), RMSA
Braun, Reynold D., SA
Braxton, J. R., SHSN
Bray, C. H. ,BM3
Brent, Harvey S., SN
Bresnahan, William J., ICFN
Briley, W. G., Jr., ABC
Britt, R. R. ,RD3
Britt, Richard R., SD3
Britton, B. R, ., GMSN
Brooks, Donald C., CS
Brooks, John M., VS30, AD3
Brown, Gerald F., AA
Brown, Herbert C., GM
Brown, J. S.,ADAN
Brown, J. “L”,SA
Brown, Leroy W., ABAN
Brown, Robert M., GM
Brown, Thomas M., SH
Bruce, Kenneth L., ET3/c
Brundage, George H., VS30, SN
Brunett, Richard R., GM
Bruun, John A., BT3
Bryan, Wesley D., SOAO
Bryson, Herbert R. Jr., VS30, ADAN
Buccini, A. A., SN
Buchanan, J. (n), Jr., FN
Buchanan, Joseph, MEFN
Buckles, R. T., SN
Buckner, W. W., AA
Bultler, Richard N., VS30, AE2
Bunch, J. L. ,ADAN
Burchfield, John R., AOAN
Burd, Robert L., SN
Burgess, Warren G., VS30, ATAN
Burke, Gerald R., SN
Burke, J. S., Jr., FN
Burke, John P., VS30, ADAN
Burkett, Billy S., RD1
Burns, Carson H., SN
Burns, John F., AB1
Burns, Robert F., RMNSN
Burright, Orville R., AB1
Burrill, Carlton D., SA
Burtt, William W., VS30, AKAN
Butcher, John A., Jr., RDSN
Butler, G. S.,EM3
Butler, Jackie D., ETSN
Butler, George S., SN
Butler, Jackie D., ETSN
Butler, L. M.,SA
Butterfield, Dean A., GM
Bye, George E., SN
Byrne, Thomas H., EN3
————— C ——————
Chase, Ernest A., YN2
Cabelly, Irving M., ADAA
Cable, Eugene C., MM
Caddigan, Donald G., SN
Caffey, James J., RDSN
Cahill, Jeremiah F., , DCFN
Cain, John W., ENFN
Callagan, William J., SN
Callahan, George W.
Cameron, Edward (n), ADAN
Campbell, E. D., SN
Campbell, H. F., YNSN
Campbell, Roy E., PHO
Cannaday, Frederick A., MM
Canupp, Hoyt L., BM1
Caraveo, Ynez, SN
Cardinal, Peter P., AB2
Cardinale, Santo (N), SN
Carey, William R., BT
Carigg, Stephen J., Jr., SA
Carlson, Arthur F., FA
Carlson, Ernest L., MM3
Carney, John J., AA
Carpenter, B. L., AD1
Carpenter, Cary G., AE3
Carpenter, G. G., AE3
Carpenter, R. L., SN
Carpenter, William G., VS30, AN
Carpenteiri, Pasquale O., VS30, AE3
Carr, H. L. ,AE3
Carrick, Harvey L., VS30, ADEC
Carrrigg, Stephen J., Jr., SA
Carrillo, F. L., SN
Carrillo, Fred L., RD3
Carroll, Billy F., AB3
Carroll, T. D., Jr., SA
Carson, Neil T., TE3
Carson, W. L., TESN
Carter, Carl J., TA
Carter, Linzie “C”, AD1
Carter, Richard, PNA2/c
Carvan, M. J, ., AOC
Case, Floyd J., AA
Casey, Gerald (n), GM2
Casserly, Marcus N., AN
Cassidy, David W., AB3
Castano, James W., VS30, AD1
Cerrie, R. N.,SA
Cervanyk, Elmer L.
Chabert, C. C., AN
Chaffin, Walter T., Jr., VS30, ACC
Challender, Clifford D., SH3
Chamberlain, B. W., Jr., PHAN
Champagne, Jessie J., FN
Champlin, James V., SA
Chapman, G. E., AA
Chapman, J. H., PRAN
Chase, E. A., YNT3
Chesson, Harold R., Jr.
Chlastawa, Mitchell F., AD
Christian, Ernes E., AN
Chuck, W. B., Jr., SN
Church, Rosco W., VS30, AL2
Chushard, George W., VS30, ADC
Cirigliano, Matthew M., SA
Claar, Ralph L., AA
Clair, Robert J., VS30, AD3
Clark, Bernard K., SA
Clark, F. G. ,AOAA
Clark, G. W., Jr. , RDSA
Clark, Nyril S., AN
Clark, W. W., IC3
Clary, Holcombe F. Jr., PNSN
Clasby, Otis L., Jr., CS3
Clay, Nathaniel B., TN
Clayton, John C., ADAN
Clifford, J. D.,SA
Cline, Frederick H., RDSA
Coady, Charles C., VS30, AL3
Coan, William G., MMFN
Cochilla, George L., Jr., FN
Codding, Ernest M., Jr., AB3
Cody, Early L., VS30, TA
Coffey, J. J. ,RDSA
Coffman, Calvin L., MM1
Coker, Robert W., HA
Coleman, David R., ADAN
Coleman, Freddie, TA
Coleman, Wilfred T., Jr., HM2
Coleman, William T., HM2
Collier, Elvis C., AD3
Collins, Franklin R., TA
Collins, Eerstel R., GMC
Collins, John E., Jr., SN
Compton, George W., ADAN
Conatello, Martin J., FN
Concaugh, Joseph M., AK3
Conery, Albert T., MML3
Conkle, Arthur W., Jr., AM2
Conklin, Stanley O., SA
Connelly, Forest W., RD2
Conner, Robert D., SN
Constable, Clifford S., MML3
Contrada, Anthony, VS30, AN
Conway, J. F, ., AB3
Cook, Edward T., SKT2
Cook, John A., AD3
Cool, H. R. ,AA
Cool, Harold R., AN
Corbin, Earl L., SK2
Corbin, Robert D., SN
Corcoran, J. J ., CS2
Corken, Clyde C., AA
Corken, Clyde C., AN
Cornil, Anejandra A., TN
Cosnahan, Arthur L, Jr., VS30, AOC
Costa, Martin T., AKAN
Cote, Armand J., VS30 , AN
Cotton, Daniel L., VS30, ADEC
Courtney, Jessie L., AB3
Covert, A. P., Jr., FA
Covil, Cecil C., AA
Covington, Elbert A., VS30, TA
Craft, Barzeal (n), FN
Crafts, Norman E., ENFN
Crane, Francis J., BM2
Crawford, Frederick M., FN
Creller, Bernard R., GMSN
Crema, F. (n), SA
Crist, Martin J., Jr., AB2
Crocker, Leonard D., MML3
Croft, Thomas E., BTG3
Cronin, Frederick W., BTG1
Cronkright, Donald M., YNSN
Crowder, Arnold J., VS30, ATAN
Cruz, Angel M., MM3
Cuatt, John F., BM3
Cuda, John A., SA
Culbert, Bernard (n), SN
Cummings, Fledge E., AD3
Cummins, William J., AB3
Curl, Russel E., Jr., SKG2
Currie, G. “D”, SA
Curtis, George R., VS30, AD1
Cusher, Allen (n), AD3
Cusimano, F. P.,SA
Cyr, Leonard D., BM3
————— D ——————
Dahlgren, Arthur, AO1
Daley, Clarence B., MM1
Daley, John T., PNSN
Dalton, John W., BMG2
Damchisen, Peter (N), FN
Dane, Lawrence A., DN
Daniels, John W., AOU3
Darden, Walter (N), SN
Darlington, Walter (n), Jr., AB3
Dauma, Gene F., CS3
Davenport, Bufford T., MM3
Davis, Arthur W., SA
Davis, James E., VS30, SA
Davis, Reginald G., MML3
Davis, Robert G., VS30, AN
Dawson, John C., VS30, ADC
Dawson, Murray (n), SDS1
Day, Melvin E., TESN
DeAmario, John D., SA
Deaton, Joseph J., VS30, PNSN
DeBona, Donald J., SA
Decker, Escar J., Jr., RDSN
Decker, William L., GMSN
Deem, Arthur A., MML2
DeGroff, Floyd (n), AD1
Deliso, J. (n) Jr., SA
Delmon, Oli P., TMT2
Delphia, Albert D., GMM3
Dempsey, Richard F., BMG3
Denehy, Robert S., ABAN
Derr, Theodore R., VS30 ATAN
Derrico, Donald N., SKSN
DeSalvo, Jacob (N), SH2
Devito, William F., AN
DeVries, Gilbert R., AB3
DeVries, John F., ABU2
Dicaprio, Donald P., RD3
Dickerson, N. D., AA
Dickhoff, James G., VS30, AN
Dickson, William O., FN
Dillman, Richard F., SH2
Disharoon, Franklin D., AA
Dismer, Walter D., SA
Distaoio, Martin J., Jr., SKSN
Divito, W. F.,AN
Dobson, Chester F., BM3
Doctor, Elmer J, SN
Dodd, George P., VS30, AA
Dodd, Luther M., DCC
Doherty, Joseph P., SN
Doherty, Lawrence F., SA
Doherty, Leo J. Jr., ET3
Dolwick, Raymond F., VS30, AO1
Donahue, Robert F., Jr., AD2
Donham, R. E., SA
Doran, Joseph F., SN
Dorkicott, Thomas J., YNSN
Dougherty, Daniel J., SN
Dowd, Robert H., TEM3
Doyle, Thomas E., VS30, ATAN
Drake, T.,VS22
Drawbaugh, William J., AM3
Dritt, D. L. ,SN
Duc, Walter J., RDSN
Duckworth, Jack H., VS30, AMAN
Dudley, A. “D, ”, BM2
Dugan, W.illiam L., SHSA
Dumas, Henry E., Jr., AA
Dupes, James L., HN2
Dushek, Perry W., GM1
Durton, James A., QM1
Dutcher, Daniel D., RM3
Dutcher, William R., FA
Duva, Angelo (n), FA
Dwyer, Richard P., RDSN
————— E ——————
Eames, Ronald K., TESN
Earle, Carl J., AOAA
Easley, Lawrence W., SKSN
Eastin, Richard L, VS30, AT3
Eaton, D. N.,SA
Eaton, Donald E., SA
Eckl, Joseph (n), AGAN
Eddy, Richard W., YNSN
Edens, J.E. ,SA
Edens, James D., SA
Edgeworth, James J., SN
Edgington, Merle R., ETSN
Edmiston, William W., CSSN
Edmond, James R., ME3
Egan, William G., GMM3
Eiding, Charles L., SA
Eltringham, Gerlad, RDSN
Emerich, Harold C., AN
Elder, Billie E., AB3
Elmore, Martin A., TE3
Ellis, Richard F., SK2
Ellis, Robert C., VS30, PN3
Ellison, Kenneth E., AN
Ells, Kenneth G., FA
Ellsworth, Edward K., Jr.
Emerich, Harold C., AN
Emillianowicz, M. (n), SA
Emps, Charles T., GMM1
Engesser, Neil R., AE3
Eppard, Arthur L., BMG3
Epps, Kenneth L., SN
Epps, W. P. Jr., AN
Eriston, John “R”, RDSN
Ervin, Burt C., AN
Esgro, Tony (N), Jr., FPG2
Eshleman, Frederick A. M., AA
Eskel, Leon G., RMNSN
Eskridge, J. (n), AD3
Essig, EdwardF. Jr., EM3
Esslinger, John N., GM3
Estep, James W., III, VS30, SN
Evans, Joseph (n), SN
Everhart, Jackie G., AN
Eyerly, Eugene “B”, GMM1
————— F ——————
Faacks, Emmett S. Jr., QM3
Fagan, John L., ADAN
Fagan, Roy E., AN
Fager, Phillip, VS30, ATAN
Fahey, John L., AMAN
Fahenstock, Ray L., FA
Farnsworth, Jerry A., FA
Farrally, Earl S., VS30, SA
Farrant, James T., AA
Farrell, Edward L., ADAA
Farrell, Michael R., FN
Farsyth, Calvin, RD2
Faust, Richard C., ET3
Feagan, Laurance J., TESN
Feaster, Henry L. Jr., FN
Feazell, William E., AN
Feinsilber, Oscar M., SOSA
Ferrell, Glenn W., AEAN
Ferro, J. (n) ,BMC
Fetherston, John H., RDSN
Fetrow, G. H. Jr., AN
Fifield, Edgar S., TE3
Finch, H. E. ,AA
Fink, Marvin C., BT2
Finnegan, William B., QM3
Fischer, Henry E., MML3
Fischetto, Richard A., EMFN
Fishetto, Saluature J. Jr. EM2
Fischer, E. L., QMC
Fish, Harry C., AA
Fish, Norman E. Jr., DCFN
Fish, Roy D.,AO3
Fitzgerald, J. L., FA
Fitzpatrick, Thomas E., PNASN
Flanagan, W. R., AB2
Flanagan, Walter B., VS30, ATCA
Flatley, Lawrence W., EN3c
Fleener, Raymond W., RDSN
Fleetwood, P. (n), SN
Flood, Andrew (n), AE3
Flood, Jerry T., SN
Florin, Jack W., ET3
Flowers, Walter A., AN
Flythe, Lokie M., HMC
Fogt, Kale D., AN
Folderaun, John F., FN
Foley, John J., FN
Foersch, George L., AG1
Ford, James J., FA
Forrester, Franklin G., VS30, AO3
Forsythe, Robert A., QM2
Fosbinder, Robert J., VS30, AO3
Foster, Frank W., AB2
Foster, Henry N., AB3
Foster, John F., SA
Foster, Vernon G., VS30, AEAN
Fowler, Arthur S., VS30, ADAN
Fowler, Richard F., AA
Forsythe, R. A. Jr., QM3
Foy, Patrick R., FA
Fraioli, Lawrence T., FA
Frame, R. E., FA
Francis, Jack R., VS30, AD3
Franklin, Edward F., AL2
Franklin, Melvin F., FA
Frasier, Charles F., SN
Frederick, Robert R., AN
Freeman, Reginald L., TN
Freeman, Thomas (n) Jr. RM1
French, Robert E., QMS3
Freetly, Gerald F., ET3
Friddle, George N., AM3
Frost, R. J. ,SA
Frost, Robert J., VS30 , PHAN
Fruspe, Artemio D., TN
Fuchs, G. W., FA
Fulfaro, Joseph S., AN
Fulton, John B., BTG2
Funderburk, Ira B., SN
Funk, Richard J., AN
Fuzie, John D., SN
————— G ——————
Goldman, Morris (n), AA
Gaetjens, William (n), ETSN
Gaffney, John F., AOAN
Galbreath, Bobbie B., SN
Galbreath, J. L., SN
Gallacher, George R., VS30, ATAN
Gallagher, Lawrence P., ABAA
Galmish, James W., CS3
Galvez, Martin, TN
Gamba, Joseph F., SKC
Ganit, George (N), TN
Gann, Baxter R. Jr., SN
Garbert, L. P., AN
Garcia, Napolean T., SD2
Gardner, Donald D., SKSN
Gardner, John G. Jr., SA
Garmon, Dwight N, SK3
Garner, Jesse, VS30, SD3
Garringer, Cecil E., VS-22, Airman, 1/c
Gassmann, Harold M., VS30, AMC
Gavalis, Theodore A., EM2
Gavigan, R H., RM3
Gavigan, Raymond H., RD3
Gawriluk, Eugene G., RDSA
Gebauer, John C., AN
Gee, Harold E., SN
Gentile, Vincent D., SN
Gentry, Keith M., MM3
Georgie, R. D., DC2
Georgie, Daniel R., DC3
Gerdes, Daniel T., ET1
Geyer, Harold W., VS30 , PR3
Gialianza, Joseph C., SHSA
Gibbs, J. J. ,FN
Gibbs, John T., FN
Gibson, Ralph E., RD3
Giglio, Joseph J., FN
Gilbert, Sidney J., AA
Gilbertson, Gerald V., TMSN
Gilby, Howard R., QMQ3
Gillespie, Henry W., VS30, ADAN
Gilmore, Donald J., TA
Giordano, James V., VS30, ADC
Giuffrida, Lancelot B., VS30, AD1
Givens, James E., TA
Glass, George E., SK3
Glass, Marshall A., AOC
Glatz, James A., VS30, AO3
Glotfelty, Cyril F., SN
Glover, Bernard T., VS30, ADC
Goalamza, Joseph C., SHSA9
Goble, Bruce E., FA
Godwin, P. R. Jr., SA
Goines, O. Jr., SN
Golba, Walter J., Jr., CSSN
Golden, William H., VS30, ATAN
Goldie, John G., AOAN
Golz, Roger H., SN
Gomes, Joseph (N), SKG3
Goodman, Charles R., AB2
Gonzales, Albert B., EMC
Goodwin, Gerlad B., VS30, PRAN
Goodwin, Joseph E., AN
Gordon, Jack J., AB3
Gordon, William M., VS30, AD1
Goyke, Richard A., AO3
Goza, Alva L., VS30, ADC
Grabert, Lindsey P., AN
Gragano, Frank T., FA
Gragson, James L., FN
Graham, David C., QMC
Graham, Herbert E., AB3
Gramer, Constantine J., EM3
Grantham, Wilbur M., VS30, AL1
Gray, Cecil, J., RD2
Gray, Curtis L., EM3
Gray, Daniel F., VS30, AO3
Gray, Lawrence E., FA
Green, Harold W., YN1
Green, Leonard A., SA
Greene, James W., HM3
Greenwood, E. A., MMC
Greynolds, John H., MMFA
Grieco, Charles J., RD3
Griffith, H. J.,AA
Griffin, Loris L., SN
Griffin, Russell E., CSSN
Griffith, Harold J., AN
Griggs, George P., MML1
Griggs, Morris B., SN
Griggs, Richard D., SA
Grimaldi, Anthony, VS30, AA
Grimmer, J. E., AD3
Grissom, James L., AA
Griswold, Gerald R., RMSN
Grivois, Joseph P., SA
Gross, Hartley R., AB3
Grover, Robert G., AT3
Groves, Woodrow M., HM2
Grubbs, Etherridge J., SKG1
Grugan, Francis E., HM1
Guidone, Albert Rocco, FA
Gum, Jerome L., AF3
Gunsiorowski, Bernard T., AN
Guntheo, K. J., SA
Gunther, Kenneth J., SA
Gustofson, Linnie M., TEC
Guy, Billy L.,APAN
————— H ——————
Hackney, William H., VS30, AOU1
Haggard, James W., VS30, AD3
Haggren, David E., RDSN
Hailstone, William G., BTG1
Hale, Calvin S., RM2
Hall, Creighton G., EMP3
Hall, Edgar P., VS30, AT1
Hall, James A., AN
Hall, Wendall D., FT1
Hall, William R., VS30, AEAN
Halterman, Herbert P., SN
Hambrick, R. E. Jr., QM3
Hamilton, John R., CSC
Hamilton, Thomas G., FA
Hamm, Herbert R., SA
Hamm, Ralph F., SN
Hammons, James H., AGAN
Hampton, Edward C., TN
Hancock, Shirley K., MMFN
Hannafan, Richard P., VS30, AK3
Hanscom, Milan L., MML2
Harding, Sidney D., BTC
Harhi, F. (n) ,SH1
Harkness, Donald H., YNSN
Harlammert, Leland V., AA
Harmon, Robert R. Jr., FA
Harney, Charles V. Jr., BT2
Harper, H. (n), AN
Harper, Jerry E., MMFN
Harrar, Charles E., AB3
Harrington, Almond F., MM2
Harris, Frank J., VS30, TN
Harris, George C., AO3
Harris, Ralph E., QM3
Harrison, Raymond T., AB3
Harshman, Ernest S., SN
Hart, J. J. Jr.,ETR2
Hartkopf, Robert (N), Jr., SN
Hartman, Ralph D., BT3
Hartman, Richard D., BT3
Hartmann, Francis X., ABU1
Hartz, Robert E., AB3
Hartzfeld, Earl G., DTG2
Hauca, Eugene G., FA
Hauser, Verlin A. Jr., GM3
Havens, WilliamB., MM3
Hayes, Charles E., VS30, ATAN
Hayes, Isaac S., VS30, AD3
Haymon, John M., MEW3
Healy, Lawrence M., VS30, ADAN
Healy, Thomas W., VS30, ALCA
Heard, James C., AB3
Heeffel, Robert J., AB3
Heflin, G. J. ,SA
Hegerich, Robert D., YNT3
Heins, Richard L., SK3
Heisler, Donavan V., QM3
Helfeldt, A. W ., SN
Helton, H. R., GMM2
Hembree, Jackie (n), MMFA
Henderson, Laverne M., QMS3
Henderson, Marion E., SN
Henderson, Ralph V., VS30, ADC
Henderson, Robert G., SN
Hendricks, James E., GM2
Hendricks, Robert J., MM3
Hendrickson, Arthur M., AN
Henke, Alvin F., SN
Henly, Raymond D., VS30, AE2
Hernandez, Ephraim (n), FA
Henry, William J., FCS2
Hershberger, D. C., SA
Hershey, Thomas P., BM1
Herson, Robert M., SN
Hertwich, Fred A., SA
Hess, William E., SA
Heuser, Harold D., VS30, AK3
Hewitt, Roy Me., SA
Hibbs, Howard E., SN
Hicks, Harold A.,TN
Higgins, Richard H., FA
High, Andrew A., Jr., SN
Highway, Gerald N., AK3
Hill, Kenneth A., CS2
Hill, W. (n) ,SN
Hill, William ,BM3
Hiller, L J.,FA
Hillier, Larry J., SN
Hiltbrunner, Walter (n), EM3
Hilton, Donald O., AA
Hilzley, Edgar D., VS30 , AT3
Hiorns, Robert D., AOAN
Hiscock, W. C., YN3
Hoeffel, R. J.,AB3
Hoff, Melvern R., AN
Hoffman, Frank K., QM3
Hoffman, George T., AB3
Hoffman, James J., Jr., AB3
Hoffman, Robert E., TEM2
Hogan, Robert E., MML2
Holcomb, James A., QM1
Holcomb, Ernest A., SN
Holden, Arthur R., QM3
Holden Edward, MM3
Holden, A. R. Jr., QM3
Holden, Edward (n), MM3
Hooker, J. D., FA
Holland, Linwood E., BN3
Hollander, Nathan V., SN
Holley, Marvin D., TN
Holloway, Arthur B., BTFN
Holmes, Britton B., AO3
Holmes, Frank E., MM3
Holmgren, Glenn E., MML2
Holwey, Philip L., FN
Hornbrook, Carl D., TESN
Hornsby, Benjamin F., VS30, AE2
Horris, Joseph M. , QMQ3
Horton, Kenneth G., AA
Howarth, George B., AB3
Howe, Clyde D., FA
Howell, Marion E., AN
Hrivnak, Andrew R., CSG3
Huber, Charles A., AB3
Huber, Edward H., ICC
Hudson, Mervyn “T”, AA
Huff, Gerald F., SA
Huff, Ralph R., ETC
Hughes, Frank L., ET2
Hughes, Leo E., FA
Hughes, Leo E. Jr., FN
Hughes, T. ,VS22
Humphreville, Charles E. FA
Humphrey, Richard D., VS30, AMAN
Hundt, Lester C., SN
Hunt, James R., FC1
Hunter, Charles R., SA
Hunter, Joseph J., SN
Hurdle, Delbert L., AN
Hurt, Edmund R., MML1
Hurt, Ray E.,BTC
Hurtchings, William C., AA
Hushon, Edward F., VS30, AN
Hyde, Emmett R., VS30 , AOAN
Hylton, Isaac G., VS30 , BMC
—————I ——————
Ice, Carl R., VS30, ADAN
Icks, William R., HM3
Iddings, William F., SN
Ihrig, William R., SA
Ingle, Ernest L., ADC
Iozzino, Louis P., AD3
Ihrig, W. R. ,SA
Ingle, E. L. ,ADC
Irvin, John G., VS30, AMAN
Irvin, Robert J., AT2
Irving, Jack D., FN
Isaacson, Donald E., VS30, ALAN
————— J ——————
Jackson, Carl (N), TN
Jackson, Delmar C., FA
Jackson, Grady A., ADAN
Jackson, Horace E., SA
Jackson, Jerold L., RMSN
Jackson, William H., PR1
Jacobs, Enos “A”, FT3
Jagdman, C. E., FN
Jaconski, Joseph J., MEG
Jagdman, Charles E., FN
James, Eskridge, AD2
Janca, James H., CS3
Jenkins, William A., ICF
Jennings, Beverly R., AN
Jessee, Robert L., BM1
Jett, Elijah F., SA
Johannsen, Raymond J., SA
Johnson, D. (n), ET3
Johnson, Donald H., SK3
Johnson, John A., ME1
Johnson, James H., VS30, AT3
Johnson, Joseph W., SDS
Johnson, Nathaniel (N), SDC
Johnson, Neville H., VS30, AA
Johnson, Norman P., SN
Johnson, R. F ., SN
Johnson, Richard M, ET3
Johnson, Robert A., AN
Johnson, Robert F., SN
Johnston, Albert S., ATAN
Jointer, Vernon L., AA
Jones, Arthur W., SN
Jones, Dean L., FP3
Jones, Harold R., VS30, SA
Jones, Kermit L., SN
Jones, Lloyd (n), SK3
Jones, Richard A., TA
Jones, Ralph M., VS30, AFCA
Jones, Robert L., AN
Jones, Samuel C., AN
Jones, Wesley A., AD3
Jordan, Lyman (n), SN
Juncg, Paul (n), FA
————— K ——————
Kachelmeier, Robert J., YN3
Kaderly, Bert W., FA
Kafury, John J., VS30, AD3
Kahihammer, Floyd M., VS30, CS1
Kaleta, Louis C., MMFN
Kalloneck, Donald L., PH2
Kammerud, Sheldon W., SA
Kane, Robert P., QM3
Kane, Thomas F., VS30, AO3
Karoff, Donald J., VS30, SA
Karolewski, Edward A., VS30, AD1
Kaukeano, William S., TA
Kean, Donald E., VS30, AN
Kearns, Leslie K., SN
Keating, Paul F., SN
Klee, Eugene J., FA
Kelley, Orby G., VS30, PHAN
Keene, Francis E., AN
Keener, Bobby M., AD2
Keeney, Gleeneth (n), SN
Keevern, John (N), AN
Kelemen, J. J., ABG3
Keller, Calvin E., SN
Kelly, “G” “T”,SA
Kempton, F. B., ET3
Kengle, Robert L., SN
Kern, William L., RMSN
Kerins, Cornelius F., SN
Kerins, Joseph L., MR
Kern, Joseph W., QMQ2
Kessell, Walter A., MMFN
Kerstetter, James R., MML3
Kidd, Troy L.,SH3
Kidder, Gerald F., VS30 , AN
Kielb, John F., SN
Kelley, Orby G., VS30, PHAN
Kidder, Gerald F., VS30 , AN
Kilgore, George H., VS30, SA
Kilpatrick, Joseph W. Jr., RDSA
Kimball, H. G, ., ET3
Kincaid, Eugene D., BM1
Kinchelow, Roderick A., VS30, ADAN
King, Harvey De., VS30, AOC
King, Howard E., PH3
King, I.,VS22
King, James C., GM3
King, James R., SHSN
King, Joseph Martin, VS30, AD3
King, L. P. ,ET3
King, Rex T.,AMS1
King, Richard L., AKAN
King, William J., VS30, AD3
Kinney, Charles T. Jr., SN
Kinsler, Norbert M., RMSN
Kirby, Francis L., MM3
Kirkland, Sam, VS-22, AD3
Kissell, W. A, ., MMFA
Kiser, Clarence A., MM3
Klee, E. J. ,FA
Klee, K. L. ,SN
Knauerhaue, Ramon (n), HM3
Knofflock, Howard L., BM3
Knox, John (N) III, AA
Koban, George (N), SA
Kolb, Frederick (n), AEAA
Konczal, Eugene T., BT2
Koman, Pete G., SN
Komar, Frank (n), SN
Konczal, E. T., BT2
Kooker, Walter S., BM1
Kopyar, Edward L., SN
Koss, John (N), DCW2
Kotkin, Henry J., AA
Kozak, Jacob J., BMG
Kozak, Peter A., AA
Kreh, Theodore C., VS30, AMAA
Kroger, Lyle S., , SN
Kroah, G.,VS22
Kroll, Leroy E., SN
Kross, Chester F., BM1
Krushinskie, Alfred C., FA
Kubik, Frederick C., TE1
Kuc, W. J. ,SN
Kuebelbeck, John E., BT3
Kruetzberg, Thomas G., VS30 AL3
Kunkle, James A., I, C2
Kuphal, P. R., SN
Kurnta, John, VS30, AT2
Kuykendall, Matthew J., VS30 AD3
————— L ——————
Lacy, Elmer E., QMQ2
Lafferty, James E., VS30, AN
Laiso, M. (n),ADEAN
Lake, Orville G., SN
Lambert, Roland G., Jr., SN
Lancaster, Marshall L., VS30, ADC
Lanehart, Willie J., BMSN
Larkin, Lawrence J., AD3
Larkin, Paul F., SN
Larlee, John E., VS30, AD2
Lassiter, Richard D., HM3
Lauer, Arthur F., Jr., TEM3
Lauritsen, Lawrence L., SN
Lavengood, Richard E., ETR2
Law, Charles R., VS30, AOAN
Lawson, Lawrence T., AB3
Lawson, William “D”, Jr., ETSN
Lee, Charles C., EMP2
Lee, George E., VS30, ATAN
Lee, Richard E., EM3
Lehman, Harry A., Jr., SN
Leighow, Marvin O., AN
Leighty, William J., VS30, AE1
LeMasters, Paul M., SN
Lenchner, Irving (N), AD1
Leonard, Eugene
Leonhardt, G., VS22
Lesinski, Andrew S., VS30, AN
L’Esperance, Roland P, AK1
Levine, Daniel (N), CSF3
Levinson, Irwin “W”, SN
Levison, Tracey C., VS30, AN
Levy, Jacob S., SKG1
Lewandowski, Claude V. SN
Lewis, Irvin E., SA
Lewis, Richard I., AN
Lewis, William C., AN
Libby, Sam (N), MEGCA
Lieberman, Robert W., VS30, SN
Liggio, Arthur (N), FPG3
Limone, P. M., SA
Lindszuhn, William J., AKAN
Linehan, Benjamin, AN
Lines, Kenneth G., MEFA
Lipan, Norman J., FN
Lipscomb, Elmer E., ET2
Lisowski, Edward R., GMM3
Lowe, C. H. ,SN
Linehan, B. (n), AB3
Lines, K. G. ,MEFA
Lipe, R. M. ,AN
Lipscomb, E. E., ET2
Littlewood, Paul K., VS30, AMS3
Lloyd, Clifton (n), AN
Lobb, Frederick E., AB3
Lohmeyer, D., VS22
Lomax, Charles P., FN
Long, Brian K., FN
Long, Clifford (N), AD3
Long, Melford R., BM2
Long, Robert L., SA
Lopardo, A. L, ., SN
Lopez, Joseph F., AN
Lopinski, William H., AOAA
Lorman, William J., AOAN
Lowe, Cecil H., SN
Lowry, Dorman E., VS30, PR1
Lucas, Allen B., SA
Luciano, Donald J., SA
Luphal, Paul R., AB3
Lupton, Sherman H., SN
Lutman, Donald L., FN
Lynn, George W., BMC
————— M ——————
Macalus, Joseph J., Jr., DK3
Macaluso, J. J. Jr., DKSN
Macauley, Donald F., RD3
Macchio, Fidel M., SA
MacDonald, Donald W., AN
MacDonald, Hayden R., VS30, SN
Mace, Allen C., VS30, AN
Machen, Simpson (n), TN
Macke, Gordon L., RD2
MacLuskey, Robert J., SA
Madsen, Robert D., ADC
Magarino, A. (n), SA
Mageau, Theodore J., SK3
Magee, Paul E., SA
Maguire, Ronald J., PN3
Mahoney, William D., SA
Main, Harry M., YNSA
Maiorano, R. A., SKG2
Major, Donald L., VS30, AN
Major, James W., YN3
Mallon, Charles T., FA
Malone, Edward L., SN
Maloof, Albert A., RD3
Maney, Eddie L., VS22, AL1
Mantich, Andy (n), ADC
Mapp, Alvin C., SD3
Marchen, Simpson, TN
Marchiano, Anthony (N), FN
Marcum, Walter W., MEC
Margarino, Anthony, SA
Marguis, Conrad L., SA
Marine, Michael (n), AB3
Markel, Dale “D”, FA
Markellos, Peter D., SN
Marks, Charles F., Jr., SA
Marks, David W., SA
Marks, Leroy E., SA
Marshall, David O., SN
Marshall, Elisha F., Jr., ICC
Marshall, J. M., SA
Marshall, Malvin C., SA
Marshall, Ted R., VS30, AO2
Martens, Charles F. Jr., BM2
Martin, Charles E., SA
Martin, Edward F., VS30, AD3
Martin, Ferrel B., VS30, AN
Martin, Harry E., SA
Martin, Robert L., VS30 , AA
Martin, Thomas E., SN
Martinson Ingvald (n), FN
Marxhall, Malvin C., SA
Massay, Billy J, PR2
Mason, Donald T, FN
Mason, Ralph S., QMC
Massay, Billy J., PR2
Massie, Emmett H., SN
Masters, Allen B., SN
Mastropietro, R. J., AN
Matchneer, George H., SN
Matthews, David V., JAD3
Mattice, Russel L., AD3
Mattucci, Frank A., ABAN
Maurer, Robert F., CSG3
Maves, D. R., FC3
Maves, D. R., FC3
Maxwell, Raymond D., AD2
May, Walter R., SA
Mays, C. (n),SN
Mays, Camilus (n), SN
Mazza, Angelo J., FA
McAvoy, R. F ., SA
McAvoy, R. F ., SA
McCall, James, SD3
McCall, Willie J., TN
McCay, William R., VS30, AT3
McCarthy, Edward (N), TEM2
McCauley, D. F., , RDSN
McClain, Kenneth D., S1/c
McCormick, Arthur F., , DK3
McCubbin, Walter A., AB2
McCluskey, R. J., SA
McConnell, Richard C., EM3
McCready, Eldredge N., TN
McDade, Victor A, EM3
McDaniel, Harvey A., AB2
McDaniel, Larry D., VS30, AA
McDermott, James T., SN
McDermott, Joseph V., FA
McDermott, William P., DK3
McDonald, Carroll W., GM2
McDonald, Francis X., SK3
McDonough, Francis J., DK12
McDuffie, James Edward, BM3
McFadyen, Vincent H., GMM2
McGaughey, George D., TESN
McGinn, Floyd L., CS1
McGowan, Roland A., ADAN
McGrew, Arthur L, VS30 ADAN
McGuigan, Robert P., AN
McIntyre, Francis R., QMQ2
McKay, John M.,BM3
McKay, John E., SN
McKeithan, Bill (N), TN
McKeon, Thomas A., SA
McKillop, Donald M., SA
McKnight, James, VS30 , TA
McLaughlin, Frederick N., SN
McLaughlin, James A., EN3
McLaughlin, John E., VS30, AD3
McLaughlin, John E., VS30, AE3
McLaughlin, John F., YN3
McLean, John H., SN
McLeod, John D., SN
McLuskey, Jack R., VS30, AD2
McMahon, E. T., SA
McNair, Donald L., VS30, ATAN
McNeil, Carlson B., SN
McNeil, S. A., AD3
McNeil, Carlson B., SN
McNeil, Samuel A., AO3
McNicholas, Harold T., SN
McNulty, Michael A., ABM2
McTaggart, John A., AN
McWilliams, William R., PNC
Meleason, Paul (N), AB3
Mellor, Harry R., FA
Melton, S. P., AOC
Memel, Glen B., SN
Menice, Francis A., SN
Merrill, Henry E. Jr., AM3
Merril, O. J. ,SA
Mertel, Robert A., AD2
Messier, Albert P., PNI2
Metcalf, Allen “G”, SK3
Metcalf, Langdon F., DCFN
Metzer, Edward F., AB3
Meyer, R. L.,GM3
Meyers, Robert F., FN
Meyers, Robert L., SA
Micale, Henry A., SA
Middleton, Charles E., EMP1
Middleton, Henry H., VS30, SDS2
Midura, Tadeus (N), ME3
Midwood, James W., AOAA
Migich, Peter (n), FN
Mignogna, Charles L., SA
Mihalic, Joseph (N), MMR3
Miller, Charles D., MML3
Miller, Eugene E., SA
Miller, Paul D., AA
Millious, Charles A., SA
Mills, Ethelbert H., VS30, AEC
Minear, William H., Jr., HA
Mingo, Donald G. Jr., SA
Molone, Gerard E., AD3
Moloney, Dennis J., VS30, ADAN
Moses, James B., TA
Monn, Richard L, VS30, YN3
Montgomery, Camas F., SA
Montorsi, Joseph (N), SN
Moon, Paschal L., HMC
Moran, Gerald L., SKSN
Moriarty, Donald J., FN
Morin, Lionel R., AB1
Morrison, James E.., SN
Morrison, John R., SN
Mosley, L. (n), ADC
Mosley, William, MM3
Mosley, William (n) Jr., GM3
Mott, Robert J., BMG2
Moulton, Bernard L., FN
Mower, John J., SN
Mowery, Howard J., CS2
Moy, Richard (N), SN
Moyer, George W., SH3
Mueller, Fritz A., MML2
Muilenburg, Kenneth A., IC3
Muller, Frederick J., VS30, ADC
Mullins, Carl L., CS3
Mullins, Robert F., SA
Mumblo, R. F., SA
Mumby, Donald C., AB3
Mumnlo, Richard F., AA
Mungin, Joseph, SA
Munno, Richard A., VS30, AMAN
Murphy, Carlton L, VS30, AA
Murphy, Edward G., RD3
Murphy, George L., EM3
Murphy, James A., MEG
Murphy, James C., SA
Murphy, Paul D., PN3
Murray, John D., ICFA
Murray, Edward V., SN
Myers, Mitchell (N), SA
Mysliwiec, Albert F., IC3
————— N ——————
Nagel, Wilbur (N), SN
Naughton, Thomas J., AA
Nawyn, William E., RMN3
Neal, Harold K., SA
Nelson, Charles E., SHC
Nelson, Henry G., AOAN
Nelson, John G., RD3
Nestico, Frank M., ADAN
Newcomb, Warner F. Jr. RMSN
Newhouse, Harry L., FN
Nichles, John R., FCS2
Nichols, Charles F., ICFN
Nichols, Joel E., SA
Noack, Gilbert R., VS30, ATAN
Nolan, Ray A., SN
Nolan, Richard A., AN
Noland, Howard R., RDSA
Northup, Russel Lyle, VS30, AT1
Norton, William M., ICFN
Norwood, Hart L., AA
Novella, Battise (N), EMP3
Novits, Leo F., FCC
Nunley, Hugh R., BM3
Nyberg, Edwin W., SN
————— O ——————
O’Brien, Harold M. Jr., SN
O’Brien, Michael J., AN
O’Brien, Robert (N), AN
O’Connor, Lee Bernard, VS30, SA
O’Malley, Thomas P., END3
O’Reilly, Daniel J., RD3
O’Shaughnessy, Thomas K., AB1
Oakley, Donald E., RMN1
Oldham, Charles D., VS30, AN
Oilvera, Nicholas H., BM3
Oleson, Robert B., FN
Opstad, Neal A., AGC
Ordille, Matthew A., SN
Orr, Elmer A., ADC
Orr, E. E.,AE1
Orr, Robert (n), MRFN
Orr, William “G” III, ADAN
Orrick, Gerald L., RDSN
Orsini, Louis J., SN
Ort, Clayton B., SA
Ortega, Juan E., VS30 , AD1
Ortiz-Mercado, Rafael (N), SN
————— P ——————
Padula, Louis J., SN
Paige, G. H.,ABAN
Palatini, Bart, VS30, SA
Palmer, Edward J., VS30, SD1
Pancake, Johnny L., EMPCA
Panzl, Louis J., SA
Parker, Benjamin (n), GMSN
Parker, David H., QMSN
Parker, J. H.,SN
Parker, John A., SA
Parker, Joseph H., QMSN
Parker, William C., SN
Parmerter, Richard W., SHSA
Parr, R. F. ,FA
Parrish, John R., MML2
Parsley, Leo C., VS30, SA
Paternite, Paul F., SH2
Patterson, Ralph N., HM1
Patterson, William A., SA
Pattison, James R., ABUAN
Patton, Billy D., SA
Pawlak, Anthony(n), SN
Payler, Carl R., GMC
Payne, Dempsey B., EMPFA
Peak, Donald R., VS30, AA
Pearce, John C., RDSN
Pearl, Robert Alvin, VS30, AT3
Pearson, A. L., SA
Pearson, Wayne J., SN
Peck, D.,,VS22
Peck, Harry E., TA
Pedigo, Phillip, AN
Peglow, William , EM3
Pelt, James A., SA
Pelton, Walter W., TEM3
Penman, David Y., SOG3
Penston, Ernest S., S2c
Perez, John ,TESN
Perkins, Lee E., MEFN
Perrone, Joseph (n), RDSN
Persons, William R., VS30, AN
Provitola, Patrick B., VS30, AE3
Prucell, Arthur J., AB2
Peters, Jack D., , SN
Peters, James D., Jr., SA
Peters, Robert C., ENFN
Petersen, Harold (n), AN
Peterson, Cornell B., VS30, AMAA
Peterson, Thomas F., SA
Pevsner, Barry D., JO3
Phelps, R. A, ., RDSA
Phelps, William A., AN
Phillips, D. L., ETSN
Philips, Richard A., RDSA
Phillips, Thomas A., AK1
Piage, George H., ABAN
Picard, Walter C., SA
Pickern, Alvin E., VS30 , ADC
Pickett, John L., VS30, TN
Pienkowski, Chester A., RMN2
Pierson, Rex E., Jr., VS30, AD3
Pierson, Robert A., VS30, ADEAN
Piggott, George D., FN
Pikula, Stanley J., VS30, SA
Pileggi, Francesco C., CSSN
Pingree, George O., FN
Pitcher, Milo T., EM3
Pitchford, Clyde B., VS30, AA
Plasson, Francis (N), AN
Platt, J. C. ,FN
Plett, Thomas C., RD3
Plunkett, Eldon R., FN
Pocius, Anthony W., GMM2
Poff, Norman F., TESN
Pollard, V. R., RMN3
Pon, W.,VS22
Poole, Walter A., AA
Pope, Charles L., FCS3
Pope, Willie J., VS30, SA
Popham, Robert W., AGAN
Porter, Robert M., FN
Poston, Bennie W., VS30, AL1
Potter, Benjamin J., SN
Pottie, Laren M., VS30, HM2
Potts, Richard B., SN
Poulin, Gerald, VS30, AE3
Powell, Charles J., QMSN
Powell, James B., VS30 , DKSN
Powell, Richard O., SN
Powell, Thomas T., GMSN
Powers, Ray L., AN
Prantle, Joseph F., FA
Prater, John H., AN
Pratt, Carl N., VS30, SA
Premaza, E. S., EM3
Premaza, Edward J., EM3
Priddy, Charles H., FN
Pride, Erlon W., FN
Pritchard, Robert J., BM3
Proffitt, Stuart H., BTC
Proudman, Phillip N., RMN3
Pugh, Randall L., SA
Pulcher, Donald W., AN
Puorro, Joseph R., SN
Purcell, A. J., AB3
Purcell, Richard A., AA
Puttmann, F. W., BT3
Pyles, L.awrence H., SN
————— Q ——————
Quigley, John J., AN
Quinn, Paul M., SA
Quinto, Dominick, AN
Quinto, Louis (n), SN
————— R ——————
Raber, Leroy R., SA
Radiches, Daniel (N), YNS1
Ragalye, John S., FN
Rakestraw, Harry L., VS30, ADAN
Rambo, Fred (n), BTC
Ramsey, Garfield M., Jr., SA
Ramsey, Raymond R., SA
Randall, Robert E., AN
Rankin, James, CS2
Ranta, L. H. ,RD3
Ranttilla, S. R ., AA
Rasmussen, A. E., ET3
Rausch, Roy H., AN
Ray, C. D. ,SH1
Ray, Charles E., SH1
Ray, Hubert J., YN3
Ray, Marten C., CS2
Reaugh, Emerson C., AB3
Reagan, L. J., TESN
Reagh, Emerson C., AB3
Reaugh, Emerson C., AB3
Redmond, Donald J., AD3
Redner, Elmer E., GMM3
Reece, Jack P., QM3
Reed, Jess W. Jr., FN
Reed, James R., AOAA
Reed, Jess W., Jr., FA
Regan, Edward J., VS30 SA
Rehkoph, Jack E., FN
Rehtorik, Michael E., YNSN
Reid, Richard E., VS30, AN
Reinbert, Harold H., DCFN
Reynolds, Richard D., AB3
Ridy, John Joseph, VS30, AD3
Reilly, George V., Jr., RDSA
Reincke,Warren G., SA
Reinhart, Norman E., RD2
Rett, T. W. ,AM3
Reynolds, George (n), BT1
Reynolds, Joseph S., FN
Reynolds, Richard D., AB3
Reynolds, Virgil L., FN
Rhoades, Donald “O”, SNSN
Rice, Billy E., AN
Rice, Richard Thomas, VS30, AD3
Richard, Joseph A., Jr., MMC
Richie, Marvin E., GMSN
Richburg, James, VC30 , TA
Riffle, Robert G., VS30, AA
Riley, Keith G., AO3
Rinas, Roland J., AA
Ringo, Harbert L, VS30, AN
Rivard, Duane J., AB2
Rivers, Robert F., ATAN
Roberts, Arnold C., AD3
Robertson, James W., PH1
Robertson, Lester L., CS1
Robideaux, Richard A., VS30
Robinson, Carl H., SA
Robinson, John A., ET2
Robinson, John R., Jr., AB3
Robinson, Milton F., SD3
Roche, David. C., VS30 , JO3
Rocher, Joseph P., TA
Rock, Earl W., END2
Rockey, Richard V., TESN
Rodemer, Henry J., VS30, SA
Steen, Harry M., BT1
Stefanski, Anthony J., VS30, AD3
Steil, Donald C., AN
Stell, Charles M., AA
Stephens, “J” “D”, SA
Sterenchock, Marvin, AN
Stevens, Frank A., SA
Stevens, Richard W., PN2
Steward, Willard R., FA
Stewart, Richard C., AN
Stewart, Walter W., BMG1
Still, Bernard C., SN
Stinson, Harry B., Jr., AD3
Stoll, Joseph W., VS30, AK3
Stores, Robert S., VS30, ATAN
Strickland, Seba C., SN
Stroh, William H., AD3
Strunk, Charles R., VS30, AN
Stuckert, Carl G., Jr., AO1
Stuckert, Walter A., AA
Stuelke, Harold D., MM3
Stutheit, Godfrey W., VS30, ALC
Sudario, Francisco, SD3
Stuelke, Harold D., MM3
Sturdevant, Albert D., EM1
Stringer, Olan W., CSSN
Stryker, Clyde F., Jr., FN
Styer, Harry J., BTG3
Sucanick, Martin S., MEW2
Sulex, Thaddeus P., SKSN
Sullivan, Andrew J., QM3
Summy, Russell L., SA
Sundermeier, Gerald F. H., ME3
Sundin, William R., SKSA
Sutton, Osman E., QM3
Swaim, Carlos R., Jr., FP1
Sybers, Ronald J., YN3
Sydor, Joseph (N), FA
Sylvester, Adolphe E., SN
Syzmanski, Peter J., MMC
————— T ——————
Tackett, William H., SA
Talley, Charles A., TN
Tallman, Herman L., FN
Tarburton, Frederick H., GMSN
Tasca, Francis (N), AA
Tate, Eugene E., EN3
Taul, Robert E., Jr., AN
Taylor, Donald R., VS30 , ADAN
Taylor, Joseph M., FN
Taylor, Merle B., FN
Taylor, Richard A., MM3
Taylor, William A., EM1
Tenzycki, John J., SN
Terrell, James E.
Theeroux, Robert R., AGAN
Thibodeaux, Henry J., SA
Thomas, Christ (N), SN
Thomas, Clark
Thomas, Marvin, AN
Thomas, Russell B., QMSN
Thomaston, George A., AD2
Thompson, Charles R., SN
Thompson, Francis A., RD2
Thompson, James B., BMG3
Thompson, Johnny L., SA
Thomson, James O., OAA
Thompson, O. W., AD3
Thompson, Richard D., VS30, ADAN
Thomson, James O., AOAA
Thomson, Otis W., AN
Thorn, Donald J., ET2
Thorne, Billy E., AN
Thorneberry, Grady S., AA
Thorneberry, Harold (N), AA
Thorson, David N., SA
Chief Tibbits,VS22
Ticsay, Vincente, TN
Tierney, Thomas A., MRFN
Tincher, Buery D., BT3
Tirrell, Walter E., RD2
Titman, Andrew S., SA
Torphy, Raymond J., Jr., SK3
Tortorici, Peter “O”, AMC
Trahey, Frank A., MR1
Trapani, Alfonso F., SA
Trent, R. A. ,PN3
Tritt, J. C. Jr., RDSA
Trombley, Henry E., SN
Troxell, Gary E., AB3
Tucker, Frank M., Jr, AOC
Truax, Allen E., YN1
True, Dicky H., EM3
Tucker, Frank M., Jr., AOC
Tur, Wilfred, VS30, SA
Turner, Albert F., VS30, AK3
Turner, Howard M., SKSN
Turner, Nathan, FA
Tyrrell, Edward T., AB2T
————— U ——————
Ufer, Robert A., QMQ2
Ulrich, Donald H., VS30, ADAN
Umstead, James K., END2
Underland, Lloyd, SN
Underwood, Thomas G., FN
Unrath, Edwin C., AB3
Usher, James B., MML2
————— V ——————
Valente, Henry B., AD3
Valentine, Valencia E., FA
Vanderlaan, Neal, DKC
Van Dyne, Thomas A., AGAN
Varney, Glenn R., Jr., SA
Van Tassell, Ray C., BT1T
Vaughan, Kenneth A., AN
Vena, Vincent L., SN
Vessels, James K., SH3
Vigneault, Richard E., RDSN
Vitaglian, Kenneth A., GMM2
Vogel, Gene D., BM2
Vogel, William R., AB3
————— W ——————
Wackrow, John E., AN
Wade, Alger L., VS30, ADAN
Wainwright, Louis L., CS1
Wajda, Francis J., DCFN
Walda, F. J.,MM3
Walder, Dorris W., VS30, ADAN
Walker, Clarence G., SH3
Walker, Robert O., SA
Wall, Beverly M., VS30, AL1
Wallace, Wilber L. R., SN
Waller, Clifford R., AM1
Walling, R. W., EMFA
Wallins, Robert A., EMFN
Walls, John W., VS30, ADC
Walser, Tommy J., IC3
Walsh, James W., CSG1
Walter, Gerald R., RMN1
Ward, Richard K., RD1c
Warden, Jim L., AB3
Ware, William A., TA
Warren, Roy Jr., VS30, ADAN
Warrunburg, Junior D., SA
Warson, Duane E., SA
Warwick, William L., SA
Waters, William D., SN
Watkins, Donald “R”, AN
Watkins, Lawrence K., AT2
Watson, Charles F. , ET1
Watson, J. E., SD2
Watson, William E., TESN
Watts, L. L. ,EMFN
Waymire, Jack R., CS2
Weatherholtz, Wesley W., SA
Weathers, James M., SDS3
Weaver, Philip D., YNSN
Weaver, Robert G., AA
Weaver, Thomas S.
Weber, Earl N., AOAN
Weiner, Raymond I.
Weirick, John V., TESN
Weiss, Leonard (n), ET3
Wehuer, P. D ., SN
Wellons, James W., DCW1
Wells, C.,VS22
Wells, Ernest R.,BM1
Welshonce, William B., SN
Weng, E. H.,AT3
Wenzlaff, James H., PNSA
Wereshko, William C., VS30, CS3
Wescott, Ronald R., EMFN
West, Jack L., VS30, AM1
Westerlund, Harry W., MMC
Weyer, Robert H., YNT3
Whalen, S. R, ., AN
Whalen, Stephen T., AN
Whaley, Floyd J., SN
Wheeler, Maurice A., SN
Whetsell, J. P., SN
Whidden, Jerimiah, SN
White, John F., AB3
White, John H., EM3
White, John L., FA
White, “Pappy”, VS22
White, Royal K. Jr., AK1
Whitehair, Robert L., FA
Whiteside, Robert L., EM3
Whitford, James (N), TN
Whitton, Hulon E., AB3
Wilder, Thomas B., ABC
Wildt, Robert A., EMFA
Wiles, O. J. ,SH2
Wilkins, Wayman P., Jr., AG2
Wilkinson, William D., VS30, AE2
Will, Ray S. ,TESN
Willard, Clare A., GMC
Willey, John M., SN
William, Arthur W., FN
William, West “B”, TN
Williams, Arthur W., FN
Williams, Bernard C., ADC
Williams, Fred J., CS3
Williams, Harry R., SN
Williams, Hoyle, TA
Williams, Hubert G., SN
Williams, Julian E., MMFN
Williams, John E., MMFN
Williams, John F., SA
Williams, Nelson R., VS30, AT2
Williams, Robert E., AO3
Williams, Thomas L., AN
Williams, W. “B”,TN
Williamson, Ewell (n) Jr. , TA
Willoughby, C., VS22
Wills, C. P. ,RD3
Wills, Glifford P., AD3
Wilson, Charles W., RD2
Wilson, E. R, ., SKSN
Wilson, Frank (N), FA
Wilson, Jack C., AB3
Wilson, Neild (N), FN
Wilson, P. R., FN
Wilson, Robert C. , SN
Wilson, Richard J., MMFN
Wilson, Victor E., VS30 , ADAN
Wiltse, Willard (n), FA
Winchester, Robert J., VS30, SRC
Wingo, Thomas D., RMC
Winn, Gene T., AN
Winslow, John E., FA
Winter, C. ,VS22
Winters, John J., AA
Wiseman, Aaron D. Jr., MRC
Witko, John A., VS30, AL1
Witte, Richard J., SN
Wojciak, Harry L., SKG3
Woodard, John W., RMSN
Wode, Gene R., AOAN
Woerter, C. J., SK3
Wojciak, H. L., SKG3
Wolf, David L., AK3
Wolfe, Elmer (N), ET1
Wolter, Lavern N., AM2
Woodbury, John D., SA
Woods, James C., FN
Woodside, Robert D., GMSN
Woodson, Howard C., TA
Woodward, John F., RMSN
Woolley, R. S., AN
Woolley, Richard O., VS30, AO3
Wooley, Richard S., AB1
Woolsey, James V., VS30, ALC
Workman, Vernon K., VS30, ADAN
Wright, H. Charles, VS-22
Wright, John M., FA
Wright, Merrill S., AOAN
Wright, W. H. Jr., QMSN
Wright, Richard L., RDSA
Wright, Walter H., Jr., QM3
Wymer, W. W., MR3
————— Y ——————
Yankie, William L., FN
Yenzierski, J. J. , SA
Yezierski, John J., SA
Yocum, Robert L., SA
Yost, Lawrence R., ET3c
Yost, Philip A., ET3
Young, A. (n) Jr., TA
Young, Eddie R., SN
Young, Wilson M., QMC
————— Z ——————
Zagrosky, Joseph P., DT3
Zeiser, Richard A., SN
Zentmeyer, Alfred J., JOSN
Zugg, Robert W., SA

Original text by Jack Greer

Updated Fall 2009

As noted on the page CVE 106 Firsts the second Block Island was the first U.S. Naval Aircraft Carrier to have an all Marine Air Group. The Block Island’s directive was to support Pacific operations which was an island by island strategy of amphibious landings and battles to remove the entrenched Japanese Army. This required air support, which was difficult from land based facilities. The Marines successfully lobbied the US Government to allow Marine Air Groups to operate from aircraft carriers.
In Sep 44 VMF-512 (Marine Fighting Squadron) and MAG-51(Marine Air Group ) group headquarters moved to Mojave California which became the Marines center for F4U Corsair carrier training. The squadron designations were modified to VMTB(CVS) and VMF(CVS) to indicate they were specially trained for carrier duty and close air support. The designation was changed back to just VMF-512 on May 26, 1945. By the end of the war 4 carriers were so manned: CVE 106 USS Block Island, CVE 107 USS Gilbert Islands, CVE 109 USS Cape Gloucester and CVE 111 USS Vella Gulf. All 4 of their fighter squadrons came from MAG-51.

The Block Island based Marines first provided air support for operations on Ulithi. This atoll in the Carolines was considered to be a staging area for future tactical operations in Formosa, Philippines, and Okinawa. The Marine pilots spent the next several weeks destroying airfields and other Japanese installations. By mid May they were doing similar operations over Okinawa.

Why Okinawa?

While the United States did not enter WWII until after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, the majority of Congress agreed with about 85% of the general public that this was “not our war”. The country had an isolationist attitude as we were just coming out of the “big depression”. The entire work force was busy of supplying Great Britain and Russia with much needed war materials. The attack on Pearl Harbor changed the entire World and the United States declared War on the Japanese and very soon thereafter Germany and Italy.

The “battle plan” that was devised was to defend the United States and their Allies from the offensive actions of Japan but to undertake an immediate offensive action against the Axis Powers. However, this did not stop the United States from recognizing that eventually the Japanese would have to be reckoned with on a full offensive measure.

The War with Germany was of great land masses where the War in the Pacific would be one of “island hopping” from Australia up to the Japanese homeland. The Japanese were extending their supply lines hundreds of miles from their resources and the strategy was undertaken to at first let the Navy attack their merchant shipping to curtail this supply and to let the Marines, and later the Army to undertake the recovery of many of the islands that Japan had occupied along with much of China.

While the Allied Military was making great progress with their offensive measures in Europe several large naval battles were taking place in the Pacific with the Allied Navies taking a heavy toll on the Japanese shipping and on their Carriers, Battleships, and Cruisers. The Army and the Marines were retaking many of the islands that Japan had overran in the previous years.

The Pacific War eventually became a total offensive undertaking and it was apparent that even many of the islands could be bypassed and a General Plan was set up to actually only undertake the recovery of some major islands that were closer to the Japanese homeland in order to concentrate the US airpower on that homeland. Thus came Guam which would give the Army Air Force an adequate base to launch their B-29 Bombers toward Japan and Iwo Jima for a place where the damaged, and those with mechanical problems, could land and not have to ditch in the ocean.

All this time the United States was in the process of Developing the A-Bomb but it was evident that the eventual occupation of the Japanese Mainland would have to be undertaken by the Army and the Marines. The Island of Okinawa lies about 350 Miles south of the Japanese homeland and was the major training grounds for the Imperial Japanese Army. The island is the largest island that is close to Japan. Guam by comparison where the B-29s flew from was 750 miles south east of Tokyo and one half the size of Okinawa.

To mass a force large enough to maintain an invasion of Japan, that would be within a distance that the invasion ships could travel, dictated that Okinawa be taken for that single purpose. That fact was known for several years because, even with the fact that all the many islands that the Japanese had occupied had to be retaken, there still needed to be a closer land mass that could maintain an invasion force. Okinawa was that piece of real estate that was needed. It was estimated that an invasion force of over 750 thousand would be needed along with all the ships, planes, tanks, trucks and supply facilities to maintain that force.

With the invasion of Kyushu , the most southern island of the Japanese homeland, scheduled for November 1, 1945, time became a big factor. Between January and June 1945 the Navy was called on to support the invasion of Luzon in the Philippines, Iwo Jima and Okinawa. Between the three Islands the distance to be covered was over 23,000 square miles that was subject to many obstacles much less the seasonal weather and the Pacific Typhoons. The Naval activities in taking Okinawa lasted for over 98 days. Thousands of supply ships, troop ships, tankers, landing craft, repair ships, and fighting ships of all nature presented the largest logistic consideration of the entire war. The Okinawa Naval operations were the largest and longest undertaken since the United States were created. These small carriers, the CVEs, of which the USS Block Island was the Flag Ship of a 7 carrier Task Force, provided the ground support and the air coverage for the troops as well as making their scheduled attacks on the land mass itself.

The crews of these ships in many cases stood “general quarters duty” for days at a time. With so many ships being involved the Japanese Kamikaze pilots had many targets. In one day alone 23 ships were hit by the Kamikaze attacks. These were the airplanes that had gotten through the task forces of the larger carriers that were operating between Japan and Okinawa.

With the battle damage that was caused on the fleet, and the loss of life of the Soldiers and Marines in taking Okinawa, an island that far away from the Japanese mainland played a big part in the United States decision to drop the A-Bomb. Multiply the US losses of the Marines, the Soldiers, the Navy personnel and the Pilots by the thousands of Americans that would be lost and you can understand why the decision was made before the invasion of the Japanese mainland was to take place.

Lt. Roy Swift, was the Intelligence Officer aboard both CVE 21 and CVE 106. He was also the Editor of the shipboard paper “Chips”. While the vision of an Intelligence Officer is normally seen as “a hard nosed down to the facts type of individual” Lt. Swift was at times that person. However, Lt. Swift, before the war, was the Editor of a newspaper in large city in Texas and there were times that Texas sense of humor came to the fore front. On June 9, 1945, while the carrier was undergoing fairly heavy operations, due to the delay of the offensive actions for several days during one of the “typhoon encounters”, the hard nose down to the facts” Intelligence Officers and that “Texas sense of humor” met as he prepared his story for the “Chips” of the days combat information report.

First of all the action involved the fact that the Island of Ishigaki is south of Okinawa and was occupied by some 30,000 troops with four airfields. The island by this time was being used mainly as a haven for the Japanese Kamikaze Corps of suicide fanatical pilots with there outdated patched up airplanes. If they came down from Japan and got through the screen of the big carriers and then were not able to attack the fleet there at Okinawa there was no way they could make it back to the Japanese homeland. Thus the reason for maintaining such a large force on Ishigaki where the four air fields were.

History shows that the Japanese secrete code had been broken by this time and it was learned that from time to time the Japanese “Big Brass” made trips down to Ishigaki just to observe the operations and to inspect the facilities.

The story relates to all of the US and Japanese concerns for this Island. The US in trying to curtail the activities undertaken on the island and the Japanese trying to maintain the “haven” for the very active Kamikaze Corps. The story goes like this:

“You have seen a fellow with a mean line of talk and a few well-aimed pop bottles heckle an unpopular ump at a baseball game until the guy blew up. Well that’s just exactly what they mean when they call the “night missions our hellcats flew yesterday morning a heckling mission”. The old adage of never the twain shall meet came together yesterday morning where the “plan of the day” for the US was “heckle the hell out of them” and “the plan of the day” for the Japs was “inspect the facilities and observe the operations”.

It was two lone planes going down in the soupy darkness against a large military concentration and a lot of anti-aircraft installations. One little incident at the wrong time of night shows how the uncertain drone of motors overhead, at the wrong time of night, caused some little Jap, who had got nervous in the service, to blow up. Captain Troyer and his wing man Lt. Jones came in over the island at about 0445. It is easy to re-construct the situation.

A big working party of scared Okinawans, with a blustering Jap as overseer, had worked ever since dusk to mend all the holes in the airfields that had been blasted the day before by those barbarian Yankies with the big white block with an I in the middle on their rudders. About 0300 they got through their work and crept wearily to their shacks. The Nipponese O.D. at control center, irritated and dopey with lack of sleep, decided to catch forty winks, or something, before time for those Americans to show up at about their usual 0600. Now “hear this” he told his non-com sternly. “It is possible that Col. Stakamanure comes through tonight on his way from Formosa to report to Their Lordship at Tokyo. If his plane shows up, make all the preparations and call me in my room”.

A non-com, just as fazzled out and dopey as his lieutenant, smiled and hissed through his teeth, then hissed without smiling at his chief’s back. Soon a radarman called in to report that it had been impossible to repair the radar gear up on the ridge since yesterdays attack. The non-com hissed back at him over the phone and hung up. An hour dragged by and he dozed.

A private on guard outside came running “planes approaching” he hollered. I hear the motors. The Sergeant, broken rudely from his sleep and dreams of Geisha girls, jumped to his feet, roaring orders. His befogged mind recalled what his lieutenant had said “Col. Stackamanure” make all the preparations and call me! He bellered out “light the runways for the Colonel”

Thus it was Captain Troyer, coming in for a run on Ishigaki, saw all the lights on the airfield flash on. “Ah, ha he says, nice of the boys” He and Lt. Jones came right on down across the lighted runways, thumped their quarter ton bombs on the landing surface, blasted out the search lights and went back over the ocean only to return and find the radar station that they had been searching for all week all lit up. With all the light it was easy for their rocket attack and down went the radar station. Needless to say that when Col. Stackamanure got there with a very bumpy landing all hell broke loose in the Japanese quarters. Not only was the runways all torn up there was no radar station left to track their very unskilled young pilots that made it down from Okinawa. With so many Okinawan labors available the runways could be fixed in a few days but without the Radar and their unskilled pilots there was a big problem with their plans. This meant that those surviving Kamikaze pilots would have to try to make it all the way to Formosa if they were going to be saved. With the loss of those junk planes and the young pilots we will be able to concentrate more of our air power on Okinawa for the next few days.

We kept our 0600 run on Ishigaki and the gun camera films show that indeed the radar station was gone gone and that the two main runways were unusable. However the films were not able to find the Stackamanure that started all this confusion. The 0600 flight did find a bunch of Japs shaking their fist in the air as our planes flew over the island. That’s 20 for today!”

Time and circumstances change people. This is a story written by a man who later became a Commissioner of the Social Security agency and who won awards for his services to our elderly senior citizens. Like President Roosevelt said ” our service men will do what they have to do to win this war” and as Tom Brokaw has written “these men did what they had to do”.

Major R. Bruce Porter

Major R. Bruce Porter came aboard CVE 106 on 2 Feb 1945 with Marine Squadron VMF-511 as the Executive Officer and designated as Flight Leader of the F6F-5N Hellcat night fighters. Bruce and the other pilots of VMF-511 who were assigned to the carrier had previous land based combat service in the Pacific but had not ever worked from a carrier.
In that era all Navy pilots were trained in carrier landings because it was evident that some day during their tenure as pilots they would be required to serve on a carrier. This was not so with the Marines. VMF-511 was the first all Marine squadron to serve on a carrier. Major Porter later became an aerial combat “Ace” . Long after the war in 1985 he published his memories of WWII in a book titled “ACE” . Bruce probably has best outlined the anxiety and outright fear of any pilot (or even the flight crews) who has to undertake carrier based operations in the following excerpt.

“My stomach was doing flip flops… And that is precisely what I felt as I put myself in position to become the first of the night-fighter pilots to land on tiny, bobbing, pitching Block Island II. I well realized that there was no way I could take a wave-off and retain my hitherto unassailable reputation as a red-hot combat fighter pilot… A catapult launch is never a pleasant experience; it goes too quickly, and the pilot takes control of his airplane only after he and it have been hurtled out into space. A catapult launch this night was like adding injury to insult… I had spent a full year training myself to find dim objects with my peripheral vision, which was the preferred method. Thus, I was able to dimly perceive the huge bulk of the totally darkened carrier as I floated up her wake. Then I was committed to the approach; all my attention was aimed at visually acquiring the LSO’s luminous paddles. I momentarily panicked and said, or thought I might have said, ‘Where the hell are you?’ First I sensed the colored paddles, then I knew I saw them. Both of the LSO’s arms were straight out. Roger! My ragged confidence was totally restored, though I yet remained a good deal less than cocky. I checked my airspeed, which was down to the required 90 knots. Before I knew it, I saw the Cut! Then, bango, my tail hook caught a wire and I was stopped on a dime. I taxied up past the barrier, came to rest beside the island, and cut my engine. As had been the case after my first live combat mission, my flight suit was reeking of sweat.”

In his book he spells out the sequence of the phases of carrier landings in great detail and also tells of the anxiety that pilots face in undertaking their first landings. This was not a big carrier with the massive flight decks of those in service today. This was a ship with a flight deck that is smaller than a football field and has only one way on and one way off on a single “runway”. The previous aircraft after having landed and must be stored on the forward end of this runway not off to the sides like a regular airport runway. Major Porter was a pilot who had Japanese aircraft kills long before he was assigned to carrier duty.

“My stomach was doing flip flops, signs of parasympathetic reaction anxiety, tightness in the stomach, perspiring hands, dry throat, shortness of breath, pounding heart and momentary light headedness. That was precisely what I felt as I put myself in the position of the first of the night fighter pilots has to land on tiny bobbing, pitching Block Island II” .

Major Porter took the lead and the full responsibility to assure that he set a good example for the other pilots in undertaking the take offs and landings to assure their safety and that when a pilot is asked to enter combat they would be a fully trained cohesive fighting unit. In just 47 days Major Porter amassed 43 carrier landings while training.

The day that President Roosevelt died Major Porter was given his own squadron and left the Block Island. However, his squadron was based at Okinawa and it was there that Major Porter downed three more Japanese planes, two being in one night, and as such gained the “Ace Award”. Major Porter not only received credit for the five known kills he also had an additional 4 probable kills. At right is a picture provided by Bruce Porter of one of his Japanese Kills. Note the radar dome on the wing of this F6F5 (n). This radar dome and the belly gas tank made it possible to fly at night while serving as “Combat Air Patrol”. The Japanese aircraft is almost obscured by the smoke trail leading from that plane.
Porter remained in the USMC and retired in 1962 with the rank of Colonel. He was nominated for the Navy Cross, two Order of the Flying Cross, one with Combat C4 Air Medals and two President Unit Citations. He passed away 20 Apr 2009.

In Colonel Porters Book “Ace” he described the conditions that a pilot faced when trying to land on the flight deck of the small CVE carriers. Some planes come in to low and actually strike the ship just below the flight deck. Very seldom can pictures be taken of that action. Not only is the plane wrecked, and in most cases the pilot is killed, the ship is also damaged and put out of action until repairs can be made. Also the remaining planes that are in the air must find another carrier to land on or ditch in the sea. The F6F shown here came in to high at around 90 miles per hour, missed the deck wire with the tail hook, misses the barricade, sailed past the bridge and struck 6 planes parked on the forward end of the flight deck. Seven planes were lost, the pilot was killed and the ensuing fire damaged the flight deck so severely that the carrier was out of action for weeks.

Many of the ships crew were also injured by the fire. This is only one of many problems the pilots face each time they landed on a carrier. Night landings on these carriers was even more dangerous because minimal light can be shown to protect the carrier from being seen. While both CVE 21 and CVE 106 had similar crashes the one shown here was taken on another carrier of the task force with experienced Navy Pilots. With catapult launchings take offs from the carriers are very seldom a major concern and in most cases mechanical failure of the aircraft is at fault if there is an accident.

How strong is that little “tail hook” extending below the tail section of the plane? This Pilot did not heed the LSOs signal to land and thought that he was not going to catch the landing cable. However even after the hook caught on the cable he still gave the aircraft “full throttle” and this is what took place. All that saved the plane from going in the “drink” was that little “tail hook”. In this case both the plane and the pilot were saved. When a plane is damaged beyond the Aviation Metal Smiths and the Aviation Mechanics ability to repair the plane it is striped for spare parts and pushed over the side. If it were to remain on board there would be no space to put a replacement.

The pilots, be it Air Force, Navy or Marine, like to spruce up their aircraft with all sorts of paintings. Being the first Marine pilots to operate in mass off a Navy Carrier they wanted the square block for Block Island and the M to show that they were Marines. (see photo on right) The Navy, in their effort to keep the Japanese from knowing that the Marines now had their own Carrier, ordered that the identification be removed. With an all out effort the next day for as many aircraft as possible “flat Black” was the plan of the day. At Okinawa alone 2,516 Japanese aircraft were destroyed either in the air or at shore bases. Marines captured Yontan Airbase and at the air base taken over from the Japanese at Kerama Retto, destroyed another 506 on the ground. The “Baby Flatops” were on the line at Okinawa far longer than the Task Force 58 large carriers.